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Bridging the distance : children’s strategies on the internet
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis deals with the following questions: What do children find negative on the Internet? What counter strategies do they use? How have they developed these strategies? The method used is one-to-one online interviews and the analyses are qualitative in nature. The sample is children in grade 6 of the Swedish compulsory school, aged between 11 and 13. 104 children, 52 girls and 52 boys, from different parts of Sweden were interviewed.

The media debate seems to display consensus regarding what threats the Internet poses to young people. The conclusion of this thesis is, however, that children’s views of the Internet in many ways differ from the media related adult view. The children of this study do not express a great deal of anxiety about the negative sides of the Internet. They are aware of, and can describe many downsides but these are not present in their everyday use of the Internet. Digging deeper it turns out that many children have in fact well-developed counter strategies. However, these strategies are not conscious in the sense that the children discuss them. Instead, they seem integrated in their online environment. The counter strategies have been developed by the children alone or together with peers. In some, but remarkably few, cases adults have been giving tips or teaching the children strategies. Nevertheless, the study does not paint a picture of naïve children, unable to see actual threats, but of responsible young citizens who are aware of the threats that exist in their online setting – sometimes from personal experience – and have developed methods to avoid such threats.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Umeå: Interaktiva medier och lärande, 2007. 50 p.
Series
Doktorsavhandlingar i pedagogiskt arbete, ISSN 1650-8858 ; 18
Keyword [en]
Internet, net cultures, children, digital native, online threats, counter-strategies, online interviews, online ethics
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1340 (URN)978-91-7264-371-0 (ISBN)oai:DiVA.org:umu-1340 (OAI)diva2:140705 (DiVA)
Public defence
2007-09-28, Hörsal G, Humanisthuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from2007-09-07 Created:2007-09-07Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Nätkulturer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nätkulturer : vad gör barn och unga på Internet?
2005 (Swedish)In: Tidskrift för lärarutbildning och forskning, ISSN 1404-7659, Vol. 12, no 1/2, 41-49Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med artikeln är att belysa några frågor som rör barns och ungas nätkulturer. Det finns undersökningar som tyder på ett glapp mellan vuxnas och barns syn på de risker som är förknippade med Internet och mycket talar för att många barn är hänvisade till jämnåriga vid utvecklandet av motstrategier. Med utgångspunkt i fyra berättelser om unga medborgare diskuteras ungas nätanvändning och tänkbara förklaringar till att nätets infödda, de som vuxit upp med Internet som en väsentlig del av sin barndom, tycks tänka på ett sätt om datormedierad kommunikation och vuxna på ett annat.

Publisher, range
Umeå: Fakultetsnämnden för lärarutbildning, Umeå universitet, 2005
Keyword
internet, unga, utbildning
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
educational work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2528 (URN)
Available from2007-09-07 Created:2007-09-07 Last updated:2011-01-27Bibliographically approved
2. Young people's net cultures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young people's net cultures
2005 (English)In: Encyclopaedia of distance learning / [ed] Howard, Caroline, Hershey: Idea Group Reference, 2005, Vol. 4, 2067-2074Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sweden has a large number of Internet users, and on a global scale only Iceland had more Internet users in 2002 (ITU, 2003). The European Union-funded project SAFT (2003a) found that 87% of Swedish children have access to the Internet at home. Today Scandinavian media focus on alleged serious problems caused by children being online. Despite these media reports, however, it appears that Scandinavian parents and children talk little about the Internet and its effects on life

Publisher, range
Hershey: Idea Group Reference, 2005
Keyword
Chat, emotion, instant messages, internet native, net community
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
educational work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2529 (URN)
Available from2007-09-07 Created:2007-09-07 Last updated:2011-02-15
3. The digital native as a student
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The digital native as a student : implications for teacher education
2006 (English)In: Tidskrift för lärarutbildning och forskning, ISSN 1404-7659, Vol. 13, no 1, s. 43-56Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article points out some features of contemporary learning models, claiming that computers and the Internet have changed the conditions of learning and communicating for young citizens - the digital natives. Firstly, it draws attention to the fact that the Internet with its hypertext seems to promote natural learning. Secondly, it describes a tremendous amount of informal learning - learning that takes place outside the educational system - which computers and the Internet seem to encourage. It acknowledges the growth of collective learning - learning that is collaborative and draws on other people's work, constantly adding to our collection of knowledge. The article also calls attention to the surfacing of human behaviour that the Internet seems to promote, making it possible to act against negative behaviour such as bullying. Finally, it portrays the openness that makes users of net communities exhibit sides of their personalities that traditionally have been hidden from strangers. In respect of changes in society and the speed of technological changes it is vital that we find a way of listening to young people's views of knowledge and learning. The article concludes that we should discuss how we may integrate contemporary learning models in our educational systems, learn from what takes place anyway and exploit it.

Publisher, range
Umeå: Fakultetsnämnden för lärarutbildning, Umeå universitet, 2006
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2530 (URN)
Available from2011-03-14 Created:2007-09-07 Last updated:2011-03-14Bibliographically approved
4. Interviews with young people using online chat
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interviews with young people using online chat
2007 (English)In: Encyclopedia of information ethics and security / [ed] Quigley, Marian, Hershey: Idea Group Reference, 2007, 403-410Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

When we first started using online interviews as amethod for qualitative research, we had no thoughtsabout it being any different from face-to-face interviews.Being naturalized digital immigrants (Prensky,2001), having not used computers and the Internet fromchildhood but having become accustomed to them overtime, we did not give the methodological issues muchthought. However, when we started getting questionsabout our research, we understood that we took toomuch for granted. The questions that were raised madeus question our approaches.

Publisher, range
Hershey: Idea Group Reference, 2007
Keyword
Online interviews, ethics, chat, deception, interpretation, security, power
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
educational work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2531 (URN)
Available from2007-09-07 Created:2007-09-07 Last updated:2011-06-23Bibliographically approved
5. Children's strategies on the internet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's strategies on the internet
2008 (English)In: Critical studies in education, ISSN 1750-8487, Vol. 49, no 2, 171-184Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents the results of an interview study of 104 12‐year old children. The aim was to learn more about how children use the Internet, what they find negative on the Internet and what coping strategies they use. The media debate seems to display consensus regarding what threats the Internet poses to young people. However, this study shows a discrepancy between children's and adults' views on this subject. The children in the study handle the drawbacks of the Internet well, but they do not discuss this with adults. The study does not paint a picture of naïve children, unable to see actual threats, but of responsible people aware of the threats that exist in their digital environment and with developed methods to avoid such threats.

Publisher, range
Taylor & Francis, 2008
Keyword
children, counter‐strategies, Internet
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-2532 (URN)10.1080/17508480802123914 (DOI)
Available from2007-09-07 Created:2007-09-07 Last updated:2012-05-16Bibliographically approved

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