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The impact of bryophytes in mediating tree seedling responses to winter stress: implications for the stress gradient hypothesis
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
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(engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-130939OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-130939DiVA, id: diva2:1070354
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-02-01 Laget: 2017-02-01 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09
Inngår i avhandling
1. Mosses as mediators of climate change: implications for tree seedling establishment in the tundra
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Mosses as mediators of climate change: implications for tree seedling establishment in the tundra
2017 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Alpine and arctic tree line expansion depends on the establishment of tree seedlings above the current tree line, which is expected to occur with climate warming. However, tree lines often fail to respond to higher temperatures. Other environmental factors are therefore likely important for tree seedling establishment. Above the tree line, establishing seedlings encounter existing vegetation such as bryophytes, which often dominate in arctic and alpine tundra. Bryophytes modify their environment in various ways and may mediate climate change effects on establishing tree seedlings, and with that tree line expansion. The aim of this thesis was to understand if and how the environment, in particular bryophytes, mediates the impact of climate change on tree seedling establishment at the alpine and arctic tree line. This was explored by reviewing literature on tree seedling establishment at alpine and arctic tree lines globally. In addition, tree seedling survival and growth of Betula pubescens and Pinus sylvestris were assessed experimentally. Here, individuals were planted into mono-specific mats of different bryophytes species and exposed to warming and different precipitation regimes. The literature review revealed that besides from temperature, tree seedling establishment is affected by a wide range of abiotic and biotic factors including water, snow, nutrients, light, disturbance and surrounding vegetation. Furthermore the review revealed that for example vegetation can change tree seedling responses to climate change. The experiments showed that especially tree seedling survival was adversely affected by the presence of bryophytes and that the impacts of bryophytes were larger than those of the climate treatments. Seedling growth, on the other hand, was not hampered by the presence of bryophytes, which is in line with earlier findings that seedling survival, growth and seed germination do not respond similarly to changes in environmental conditions. Moreover, we found several indications that vegetation above the tree line, including bryophytes, mediated tree seedling responses to warming and precipitation or snow cover. This thesis shows that temperature alone should not be used to predict future tree seedling establishment above the alpine and arctic tree line and that extrapolations from climate envelope models could strongly over or under estimate tree line responses to warming. This underlines the value of multi-factorial studies for understanding the interplay between warming and other environmental factors and their effects on tree seedling establishment across current tree lines.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå: Umeå University, 2017. s. 26
Emneord
arctic, alpine, B. pubescens, bryophytes, competition, facilitation, mosses, P. sylvestris, precipitation changes, seedlings, traits, tree line, warming
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-130942 (URN)978-91-7601-654-1 (ISBN)
Disputas
2017-02-24, Björken, SLU, Umeå, 10:00 (engelsk)
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Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-02-03 Laget: 2017-02-01 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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