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The pelagic food web
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap. Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå marina forskningscentrum (UMF). (EcoChange ; UMFpub ; Arcum)
Vise andre og tillknytning
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Biological oceanography of the Baltic sea / [ed] Pauline Snoeijs, Hendrik Schubert, Teresa Radziejewska, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2017, s. 281-332Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]
  1. Environmental drivers and food web structure in the pelagic zone vary from south to north in the Baltic Sea. 
  2. While nitrogen is generally the limiting nutrient for primary production in the Baltic Sea, phosphorus is the limiting nutrient in the Bothnian Bay. 
  3. In the Gulf of Bothnia the food web is to a large extent driven by terrestrial allochthonous material, while autochthonous production dominates in the other parts of the Baltic Sea. 
  4. Changes in bacterioplankton, protist and zooplankton community composition from south to north are mainly driven by salinity. 
  5. Bacteria are crucial constituents of the pelagic food web (microbial loop) and in oxygen-poor and anoxic bottom waters where they mediate element transformations. 
  6. Diatoms and dinoflagellates are the major primary producers in the pelagic zone. Summer blooms of diazotrophic (nitrogen-fixing) filamentous cyanobacteria are typical of the Baltic Sea, especially in the Baltic Sea proper and the Gulf of Finland. 
  7. The mesozooplankton (mainly copepods and cladocerans) channel energy from primary producers and the microbial food web to fish and finally to the top predators in the pelagic system (waterbirds and mammals). 
  8. Herring and sprat populations are affected by the foraging intensity of their main predator (cod), and therefore the environmental conditions that affect cod may also influence mesozooplankton due to food web effects "cascading down the food web". 
  9. Anthropogenic pressures, such as overexploitation of fish stocks, eutrophication, climate change, introduction of non-indigenous species and contamination of top predators by hazardous substances, cause changes in the pelagic food web that may have consequences for the balance and stability of the whole ecosystem.
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2017. s. 281-332
Emneord [en]
Baltic Sea gradient, Food-web interactions, Human impacts, Microbial loop, Pelagic communities, Productivity, Trophic cascades
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
biologi, miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138971DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-0668-2_8ISBN: 978-94-007-0668-2 (digital)ISBN: 978-94-007-0667-5 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-138971DiVA, id: diva2:1138371
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-05 Laget: 2017-09-05 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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