umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
NIR-spektroskopi i arkeologisk kontext: En tvärvetenskaplig studie av neolitikum och bronsålder i Västerbottens skogs och förfjällsområde
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
NIR-spectroscopy in archaeological context : An interdisciplinary study of the Neolithics and Bronze Age in the forest and hill region of Västerbotten, Sweden (English)
Abstract [en]

Abstract. The goal of this case study is to further the understanding of the social and economic structure, such as trade routes and/or prehistoric man’s movement, during prehistory in the inland of Västerbotten, Sweden. This is achieved by studying the sets of lithic tools found in six archaeological sites (RAÄ 977:1 Vilhelmina, RAÄ 553:1 Vilhelmina, RAÄ 132:1 Vilhelmina, RAÄ 519:1 Vilhelmina, RAÄ 399:1 Vilhelmina och RAÄ 129:1 Åsele) using NIR-spectroscopic (Near InfraRed-spectroscopy), statistical and archaeological methods. By using PCA-models (Principal Component Analysis-models) and the classification method SIMCA (Soft Independent Modelling of Class Analogies) on NIR-spectroscopic data collected over the course of this study, it was possible to show signs that prehistoric man in the studied area, might have deposited quartzite materials, not naturally occurring at the RAÄ 519:1 Vilhelmina, Sweden, site. Four geographic areas (the vicinity of the sea Vojm, the North and South part of the sea Malgomaj and the vicinity of the Southwest part of the Ångerman river in the studied area) could also be shown to display distinct patterns in the PCA-models, related to the use of particular combinations of quartzites. These findings lead to the conclusion that prehistoric man in this area, typically used locally available materials for toolmaking. Furthermore, this study resulted in a large NIR-spectroscopic dataset from the archaeological sites that makes up the main material for this study, that may be beneficial to future NIR-spectroscopic studies in archaeology and/or further studies of NIR-spectroscopy applied to lithic materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 81
Keywords [en]
Environmental Archaeology, NIR-Spectroscopy, Nondestructive, Bronze Age, Stone Tools, PCA-models, Trade, Geoarchaeology, Lithics, Quartzite
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140153OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-140153DiVA, id: diva2:1146099
Educational program
Master's Programme in Environmental Archaeology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-02 Created: 2017-10-02 Last updated: 2017-10-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2483 kB)125 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2483 kBChecksum SHA-512
2e568a1fb640949c739128c37994cdde9f0559192970834fee3afbd6f9bc6510afe5feaf7aee88ef3eafa9ae11aba21d05964bb226129f2c4d802e5831357d65
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies
Archaeology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 125 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 491 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf