umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Prevalence of asthma-like symptoms with ageing
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Thorax, ISSN 0040-6376, E-ISSN 1468-3296, Vol. 73, nr 1, s. 37-48Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Change in the prevalence of asthma-like symptoms in populations of ageing adults is likely to be influenced by smoking, asthma treatment and atopy.

METHODS: The European Community Respiratory Health Survey collected information on prevalent asthma-like symptoms from representative samples of adults aged 20-44 years (29 centres in 13 European countries and Australia) at baseline and 10 and 20 years later (n=7844). Net changes in symptom prevalence were determined using generalised estimating equations (accounting for non-response through inverse probability weighting), followed by meta-analysis of centre level estimates.

FINDINGS: Over 20 years the prevalence of 'wheeze' and 'wheeze in the absence of a cold' decreased (-2.4%, 95% CI -3.5 to -1.3%; -1.5%, 95% CI -2.4 to -0.6%, respectively) but the prevalence of asthma attacks, use of asthma medication and hay fever/nasal allergies increased (0.6%, 95% CI 0.1 to 1.11; 3.6%, 95% CI 3.0 to 4.2; 2.7%, 95% CI 1.7 to 3.7). Changes were similar in the first 10 years compared with the second 10 years, except for hay fever/nasal allergies (increase seen in the first 10 years only). Decreases in these wheeze-related symptoms were largely seen in the group who gave up smoking, and were seen in those who reported hay fever/nasal allergies at baseline.

INTERPRETATION: European adults born between 1946 and 1970 have, over the last 20 years, experienced less wheeze, although they were more likely to report asthma attacks, use of asthma medication and hay fever. Decrease in wheeze is largely attributable to smoking cessation, rather than improved treatment of asthma. It may also be influenced by reductions in atopy with ageing.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2018. Vol. 73, nr 1, s. 37-48
Nyckelord [en]
Asthma Epidemiology
Nationell ämneskategori
Arbetsmedicin och miljömedicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140375DOI: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2016-209596ISI: 000417923500009PubMedID: 28974648OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-140375DiVA, id: diva2:1147848
Tillgänglig från: 2017-10-09 Skapad: 2017-10-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(1474 kB)44 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT02.pdfFilstorlek 1474 kBChecksumma SHA-512
a0aaceded690c8d01f76f0b842475251c8b452722c26ab49d88a331003cb13a62a596e50aba1ca7c81616176e177ae88f8f559ce47b5d1d17b2966cae7363ef5
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextPubMed

Personposter BETA

Forsberg, Bertil

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Forsberg, Bertil
Av organisationen
Yrkes- och miljömedicin
I samma tidskrift
Thorax
Arbetsmedicin och miljömedicin

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 44 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 272 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf