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Amyloid beta-peptides 1-40 and 1-42 form oligomers with mixed beta-sheets
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5886-2023
2017 (English)In: Chemical Science, ISSN 2041-6520, E-ISSN 2041-6539, Vol. 8, no 12, p. 8247-8254Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two main amyloid-beta peptides of different length (A beta(40) and A beta(42)) are involved in Alzheimer's disease. Their relative abundance is decisive for the severity of the disease and mixed oligomers may contribute to the toxic species. However, little is know about the extent of mixing. To study whether A beta(40) and A beta(42) co-aggregate, we used Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in combination with C-13-labeling and spectrum calculation and focused on the amide I vibration, which is sensitive to backbone structure. Mixtures of monomeric labeled A beta(40) and unlabeled A beta(42) (and vice versa) were co-incubated for similar to 20 min and their infrared spectrum recorded. The position of the main C-13-amide I' band shifted to higher wavenumbers with increasing admixture of C-12-peptide due to the presence of C-12-amides in the vicinity of C-13-amides. The results indicate that A beta(40) and A beta(42) form mixed oligomers with a largely random distribution of A beta(40) and A beta(42) strands in their beta-sheets. The structures of the mixed oligomers are intermediate between those of the pure oligomers. There is no indication that one of the peptides forces the backbone structure of its oligomers on the other peptide when they are mixed as monomers. We also demonstrate that isotope-edited infrared spectroscopy can distinguish aggregation modulators that integrate into the backbone structure of their interaction partner from those that do not. As an example for the latter case, the pro-inflammatory calcium binding protein S100A9 is shown not to incorporate into the b-sheets of A beta(42).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY , 2017. Vol. 8, no 12, p. 8247-8254
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Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142960DOI: 10.1039/c7sc01743jISI: 000415877000043OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-142960DiVA, id: diva2:1166172
Available from: 2017-12-14 Created: 2017-12-14 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Morozova-Roche, Ludmilla A.

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