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Assessing the dimensionality of YFHS-Swe; a new questionnaire to assess youth friendliness
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2017 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27, no suppl_3, p. 343-Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Ensuring the youth friendliness of health services can increase the utilization of these services and contribute to improve youth’s health. Few validated instruments to assess youth-friendliness exist worldwide and none in Sweden. To assess the youth-friendliness of Swedish youth clinics (differentiated services for youth that exist since the 70s), an adapted version of YFHS WHO+ questionnaire called (YFHS-Swe) was developed. YFHS-Swe proved to have good internal homogeneity and consistency over time. The aim of our study was to perform a psychometric analysis to assure the quality and reliability of the questionnaire, and to assess the dimensionality of YFHS-Swe to identify possible subdomains that might be of importance for policy making.

Methods: YFHS-Swe was answered by 1,110 youths aged 16 to 25 years visiting 20 youth clinics in Northern Sweden between September 2016 and February 2017. YFHS-Swe was assessed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis.

Results: Thirteen factors could be identified; ability to get contact; access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) service; access to psychosocial health services; parental support of SRH services; parental support of psychosocial health services; equity with diverse concerns; equity with legal concerns; fear of exposure; respect; privacy and confidentiality; no judgement; quality of consultation and quality of facility. Except for “quality of facility”, all other twelve factors recorded good α reliability ranging from 0.76 to 0.97, good ρ reliability ranging from 0.77 to 0.97 and acceptable measure of fit (SRMR<0.08).

Conclusions: The YFHS-Swe proved to be credible and suitable for assessing youths-friendliness of the Swedish youth clinics. The identified factors might be of an importance to capture different dimensions of youth friendliness. With some cultural and linguistic adaptations, this instrument can be used in other differentiated youth health services internationally.

Key messages:

  • YFHS-Swe is credible and suitable instrument in the Swedish context and it can be used as a basis for validating other instruments to assess youth-friendliness in other contexts.
  • The dimensions identified of this novel instrument might be of importance in assessing distinct aspects of friendliness in differentiated health services and might be of importance for policy making.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
OXFORD UNIV PRESS , 2017. Vol. 27, no suppl_3, p. 343-
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143077DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckx189.106ISI: 000414389803212OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-143077DiVA, id: diva2:1166552
Conference
10th European Public Health Conference Sustaining resilient and healthy communities Stockholm, Sweden 1–4 November 2017
Available from: 2017-12-15 Created: 2017-12-15 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Baroudi, MazenWaenerlund, Anna-KarinSan Sebastian, MiguelGoicolea, Isabel

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