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Longitudinal effects of bilingualism on dual-tasking
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
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2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, nr 12, artikkel-id e0189299Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

An ongoing debate surrounds whether bilinguals outperform monolinguals in tests of executive processing. The aim of this study was to investigate if there are long-term (10 year) bilingual advantages in executive processing, as indexed by dual-task performance, in a sample that were 40-65 years at baseline. The bilingual (n = 24) and monolingual (n = 24) participants were matched on age, sex, education, fluid intelligence, and study sample. Participants performed free-recall for a 12-item list in three dual-task settings wherein they sorted cards either during encoding, retrieval, or during both encoding and retrieval of the word-list. Free recall without card sorting was used as a reference to compute dual-task costs. The results showed that bilinguals significantly outperformed monolinguals when they performed card-sorting during both encoding and retrieval of the word-list, the condition that presumably placed the highest demands on executive functioning. However, dual-task costs increased over time for bilinguals relative to monolinguals, a finding that is possibly influenced by retirement age and limited use of second language in the bilingual group.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. Vol. 12, nr 12, artikkel-id e0189299
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143465DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189299ISI: 000419006200021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-143465DiVA, id: diva2:1170006
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 345-2003-3883Swedish Research Council, 315-2004-6977Swedish Research Council, 421-2011-1782Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-01-02 Laget: 2018-01-02 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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Eriksson Sörman, DanielJosefsson, MariaHansson, PatrikLjungberg, Jessica K.

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