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Association between air pollution and rhinitis incidence in two European cohorts
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 115, s. 257-266Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The association between air pollution and rhinitis is not well established.

Aim: The aim of this longitudinal analysis was to study the association between modeled air pollution at the subjects' home addresses and self-reported incidence of rhinitis.

Methods: We used data from 1533 adults from two multicentre cohorts' studies (EGEA and ECRHS). Rhinitis incidence was defined as reporting rhinitis at the second follow-up (2011 to 2013) but not at the first follow-up (2000 to 2007). Annual exposure to NO2, PM10 and PM2.5 at the participants' home addresses was estimated using land-use regression models developed by the ESCAPE project for the 2009-2010 period. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were computed using Poisson regression. Pooled analysis, analyses by city and meta-regression testing for heterogeneity were carried out.

Results: No association between long-term air pollution exposure and incidence of rhinitis was found (adjusted IRR (aIRR) for an increase of 10 mu g center dot m(-3) of NO2: 1.00 [0.91-1.09], for an increase of 5 mu g center dot m(-3) of PM2.5: 0.88 [0.73-1.04]). Similar results were found in the two-pollutant model (aIRR for an increase of 10 mu g center dot m(-3) of NO2: 1.01 [0.87-1.17], for an increase of 5 mu g center dot m(-3) of PM2.5: 0.87 [0.68-1.08]). Results differed depending on the city, but no regional pattern emerged for any of the pollutants.

Conclusions: This study did not find any consistent evidence of an association between long-term air pollution and incident rhinitis.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 115, s. 257-266
Nationell ämneskategori
Arbetsmedicin och miljömedicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-146297DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.03.021ISI: 000432523500028PubMedID: 29605678OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-146297DiVA, id: diva2:1195057
Tillgänglig från: 2018-04-04 Skapad: 2018-04-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-27Bibliografiskt granskad

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Forsberg, Bertil

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