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The influence of voluntary associations on fertility during the Swedish demographic transition, 1880-1949
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå Universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1527-279X
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This article investigates the impact on marital fertility of participation in and exposure to voluntary associations during the European fertility transition from 1880 to 1949. This is achieved using individual-level longitudinal demographic data from northern Sweden linked with individual-level information on voluntary association membership and contextual level information on association activity. The effect of living near an association is measured using mixed effect Cox regressions. The effect of joining an association for men and women is tested by matching members to a control group through propensity score matching before estimating differences in risks of another birth using Cox regressions. The results show that being exposed to an association was associated with lower fertility. Joining a union or a temperance association showed even stronger negative effects, but only for male members, while female members showed no significant difference in fertility. The results suggest that reproductive decisions were not simple responses by the individual couple to structural changes, but were also shaped within the social networks of which they were a part.

Keywords [en]
fertility transition, sweden, social networks, voluntary associations, demographic transition
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147279OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-147279DiVA, id: diva2:1202916
Available from: 2018-05-02 Created: 2018-05-02 Last updated: 2018-06-09
In thesis
1. Shared practices: social networks and fertility decline during the Swedish demographic transition, 1850-1950
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shared practices: social networks and fertility decline during the Swedish demographic transition, 1850-1950
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Sociala nätverk och fertilitetsnedgång under den svenska demografiska transitionen 1850-1950
Abstract [en]

This thesis studies how social interactions influenced the fertility decline during the Swedish demographic transition between 1850 and 1950. This, to gain insights into how and why norms and values affected married couples' birth control practices, and how this shaped the fertility decline. Social interaction effects are studied in two different networks, voluntary associations and spatial communities using regression-based methods, in four research papers. The relationship between social interactions and fertility, in turn, is studied at different levels of society, on a macro-, meso- and micro-level. The results show that married couples reproductive practices were affected by social interactions during the whole study period. Members of unions, free churches and temperance associations had, in general, lower fertility than others. Additionally, couples living near a union or a free-church was also more inclined to limit their fertility. Finally, the results show significant spatial autocorrelations in fertility of neighbours and couples in adjacent neighbourhoods. These results suggest that increased use of birth control was diffused within social networks through social interaction mechanisms and collective action. However, the most substantial effects are seen during the fertility transition. This was a time of large-scale societal changes, which made the perceived net benefits of childbearing more uncertain. The results of this thesis indicate that couples drew upon the experiences of others to make more informed decisions. Over time, these new shared practices were formed into social norms, connecting ideas of respectability with family limitation, diffused within social networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, Department of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies, 2018. p. 88
Series
Report from the Demographic Data Base, ISSN 0349-5132 ; 34
Keywords
historical demography, fertility transition, social interaction, social network, voluntary associations
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147281 (URN)978-91-7601-891-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-06-01, Hörsal F, Humanisthuset, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-02 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Junkka, Johan

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf