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The influence of voluntary associations on fertility during the Swedish demographic transition, 1880-1949
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå Universitet.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1527-279X
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This article investigates the impact on marital fertility of participation in and exposure to voluntary associations during the European fertility transition from 1880 to 1949. This is achieved using individual-level longitudinal demographic data from northern Sweden linked with individual-level information on voluntary association membership and contextual level information on association activity. The effect of living near an association is measured using mixed effect Cox regressions. The effect of joining an association for men and women is tested by matching members to a control group through propensity score matching before estimating differences in risks of another birth using Cox regressions. The results show that being exposed to an association was associated with lower fertility. Joining a union or a temperance association showed even stronger negative effects, but only for male members, while female members showed no significant difference in fertility. The results suggest that reproductive decisions were not simple responses by the individual couple to structural changes, but were also shaped within the social networks of which they were a part.

Nyckelord [en]
fertility transition, sweden, social networks, voluntary associations, demographic transition
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia
Forskningsämne
historia
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147279OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-147279DiVA, id: diva2:1202916
Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-02 Skapad: 2018-05-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09
Ingår i avhandling
1. Shared practices: social networks and fertility decline during the Swedish demographic transition, 1850-1950
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Shared practices: social networks and fertility decline during the Swedish demographic transition, 1850-1950
2018 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Alternativ titel[sv]
Sociala nätverk och fertilitetsnedgång under den svenska demografiska transitionen 1850-1950
Abstract [en]

This thesis studies how social interactions influenced the fertility decline during the Swedish demographic transition between 1850 and 1950. This, to gain insights into how and why norms and values affected married couples' birth control practices, and how this shaped the fertility decline. Social interaction effects are studied in two different networks, voluntary associations and spatial communities using regression-based methods, in four research papers. The relationship between social interactions and fertility, in turn, is studied at different levels of society, on a macro-, meso- and micro-level. The results show that married couples reproductive practices were affected by social interactions during the whole study period. Members of unions, free churches and temperance associations had, in general, lower fertility than others. Additionally, couples living near a union or a free-church was also more inclined to limit their fertility. Finally, the results show significant spatial autocorrelations in fertility of neighbours and couples in adjacent neighbourhoods. These results suggest that increased use of birth control was diffused within social networks through social interaction mechanisms and collective action. However, the most substantial effects are seen during the fertility transition. This was a time of large-scale societal changes, which made the perceived net benefits of childbearing more uncertain. The results of this thesis indicate that couples drew upon the experiences of others to make more informed decisions. Over time, these new shared practices were formed into social norms, connecting ideas of respectability with family limitation, diffused within social networks.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå University, Department of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies, 2018. s. 88
Serie
Report from the Demographic Data Base, ISSN 0349-5132 ; 34
Nyckelord
historical demography, fertility transition, social interaction, social network, voluntary associations
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia
Forskningsämne
historia
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147281 (URN)978-91-7601-891-0 (ISBN)
Disputation
2018-06-01, Hörsal F, Humanisthuset, Umeå, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-09 Skapad: 2018-05-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad

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