umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Spatial diffusion of fertility decline in northern Sweden, 1850-1950
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1527-279X
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This article studies how married couples’ fertility behaviours were af-fected by the behaviours of their  arried neighbours, in northern Sweden from 1850 to 1950. The relationship is studied at two geographical scales, as aggregate level autocorrelations between neighbourhoods and as individual level diffusion effects between neighbours. The study contributes to the discussion on the role of spatial diffusion for the European fertility decline by using longitudinal demographic data with a much more detailed spatial information than previous studies. The results show that couples in adjacent neighbourhoods had similar fertility at the onset and during the fertility transition and not after or long before. Similar patterns were found for effects of long-term changes in neighbour fertility while short-term effects showed to opposite patterns. Short-term effects did only affect fertility before or after and not during the fertility transition. The results suggest that couples fertility was affected by social interaction mechanisms within networks of neighbours not only during but also before and after the European fertility transition.

Nyckelord [en]
fertility transition, spatial diffusion, social networks, neighbours, demographic transition
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia
Forskningsämne
historia
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147280OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-147280DiVA, id: diva2:1202920
Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-02 Skapad: 2018-05-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09
Ingår i avhandling
1. Shared practices: social networks and fertility decline during the Swedish demographic transition, 1850-1950
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Shared practices: social networks and fertility decline during the Swedish demographic transition, 1850-1950
2018 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Alternativ titel[sv]
Sociala nätverk och fertilitetsnedgång under den svenska demografiska transitionen 1850-1950
Abstract [en]

This thesis studies how social interactions influenced the fertility decline during the Swedish demographic transition between 1850 and 1950. This, to gain insights into how and why norms and values affected married couples' birth control practices, and how this shaped the fertility decline. Social interaction effects are studied in two different networks, voluntary associations and spatial communities using regression-based methods, in four research papers. The relationship between social interactions and fertility, in turn, is studied at different levels of society, on a macro-, meso- and micro-level. The results show that married couples reproductive practices were affected by social interactions during the whole study period. Members of unions, free churches and temperance associations had, in general, lower fertility than others. Additionally, couples living near a union or a free-church was also more inclined to limit their fertility. Finally, the results show significant spatial autocorrelations in fertility of neighbours and couples in adjacent neighbourhoods. These results suggest that increased use of birth control was diffused within social networks through social interaction mechanisms and collective action. However, the most substantial effects are seen during the fertility transition. This was a time of large-scale societal changes, which made the perceived net benefits of childbearing more uncertain. The results of this thesis indicate that couples drew upon the experiences of others to make more informed decisions. Over time, these new shared practices were formed into social norms, connecting ideas of respectability with family limitation, diffused within social networks.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå University, Department of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies, 2018. s. 88
Serie
Report from the Demographic Data Base, ISSN 0349-5132 ; 34
Nyckelord
historical demography, fertility transition, social interaction, social network, voluntary associations
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia
Forskningsämne
historia
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147281 (URN)978-91-7601-891-0 (ISBN)
Disputation
2018-06-01, Hörsal F, Humanisthuset, Umeå, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-09 Skapad: 2018-05-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Personposter BETA

Junkka, Johan

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Junkka, Johan
Av organisationen
Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudierEnheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR)
Historia

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

urn-nbn
Totalt: 211 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf