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Att vara man i ett kvinnodominerat yrke: Manliga vårdares upplevelser av att bemöta kvinnor i situationer som kan upplevas intima och de hanteringsstrategier som används
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Being a man in a women-dominated profession : Male careers' experiences and management strategies in caring situations with women that can be perceived to be intimate (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Genom historien har vårdyrken varit främst dominerat av kvinnliga vårdare. Det finns tabubelagda områden för män som utför omvårdnad. Flera av problemen är relaterade till intim omvårdnad av det motsatta könet. Män söker sig främst till tekniska vårdyrken som exempelvis röntgensjuksköterska. I nuläget finns en kunskapslucka för manliga röntgensjuksköterskor beträffande intim omvårdnad av det motsatta könet.

Syfte: Belysa manliga vårdares upplevelser av att bemöta kvinnor i situationer som kan upplevas intima i västerländsk kultur, och de hanteringsstrategier som används.

Metod: Nio kvalitetsgranskade kvalitativa studier används i resultatet. Dessa studier har sammanfattats med hjälp av en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Två domäner och tre kategorier beskriver upplevelser och hanteringsstrategier som manlig vårdare upplever vid intim omvårdnad på kvinnliga patienter.

Resultat: Manliga vårdare uttrycker oro för sexuella anklagelser. De upplever även fördomar och känner sig placerade i stereotypiska fack som kan komma att påverka deras arbete med intim omvårdnad. För att skydda sig används metoder som att kommunicera, bryta isen eller ta hjälp av kvinnliga kollegor. Flera manliga vårdare beskriver brister i sin utbildning för att lära sig hantera intim omvårdnad.

Slutsats: Ytterligare forskning behövs inom ämnesområdet radiografi kopplat till manliga vårdares perspektiv att vårda samt att fortsätta forska för genus inom vården. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Throughout history, the healthcare has been dominated primarily by female caregivers. There are areas for men in nursing which can be considered as taboo. These areas can often be related to intimate care of the opposite sex. Men do primarily work in technical positions in healthcare, for example as a radiographer. At present there is a knowledge gap regarding male radiographers’ intimate care of the opposite sex.

Aim: Illuminate male caregivers' experiences of dealing with women in situations that can be experienced intimate in Western culture, and management strategies used.

Method: Nine quality controlled qualitative studies were used in the result. These studies have been analysed by means of qualitative content analysis. The outcome resulted in two domains divided into three categories each, illuminating the experiences and handling strategies for how male caregivers perform and experiences giving intimate care to female patients.

Results: Male caregivers’ express concern about sexual charges. They also experience prejudice and feel placed in stereotypical compartments that may affect their work with intimate care. To protect themselves they use methods such as communication, breaking the ice or taking help of female colleagues. Several male caregivers describe shortcomings in their education to learn how to handle intimate care.

Conclusion: Further research is needed in the field of gender in healthcare and radiography linked to the male caregivers’ perspective of providing care. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
female patient, gender, intimately, male nurse, perception
Keywords [sv]
genus, kvinnlig patient, manlig sjuksköterska, uppfattning, upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147656OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-147656DiVA, id: diva2:1205298
Educational program
Diagnostic Radiology Nursing Programme; Diagnostic Radiology Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-07-04 Created: 2018-05-13 Last updated: 2018-07-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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