umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Reductions in otitis and other respiratory tract infections following childhood pneumococcal vaccination
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9885-2321
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
2018 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 107, no 9, p. 1601-1609Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: Streptococcus pneumoniae commonly causes respiratory tract infections including acute otitis media and pneumonia. In this study, we evaluated the impact of general infant pneumococcal vaccination, introduced in Sweden in 2009, on respiratory tract infections.

METHODS: We studied the incidence of respiratory tract infections and antibiotic consumption in Västerbotten County, Sweden, during 2005-2014 using the County Council's diagnosis register.

RESULTS: Comparing the prevaccination period of 2005-2008 to 2014, the incidences of all-cause acute otitis media decreased significantly in children aged 0-4 and five years to 17 years, by 41.5% and 20.9%, respectively. In addition, we also noted significant reductions in sinusitis and other upper respiratory tract infections, and some reductions in adults. Antibiotic consumption for upper respiratory tract infections decreased by 37.1%, with the largest decrease occurring in children aged 0-4 years. For pneumonia, the incidence significantly decreased by 28.6% for children aged 0-4 years, with no significant changes in older children or adults.

CONCLUSION: Pneumococcal vaccination was followed by reduced incidence of upper respiratory tract infections and antibiotic consumption in vaccinated children, with some indications of possible herd immunity. For pneumonia, a major reduction was noted limited to the youngest children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2018. Vol. 107, no 9, p. 1601-1609
National Category
Pediatrics
Research subject
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-147881DOI: 10.1111/apa.14345ISI: 000441409500020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-147881DiVA, id: diva2:1208786
Funder
Västerbotten County CouncilAvailable from: 2018-05-20 Created: 2018-05-20 Last updated: 2019-05-14Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Johansson Kostenniemi, Urban

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Johansson Kostenniemi, UrbanSilfverdal, Sven Arne
By organisation
Paediatrics
In the same journal
Acta Paediatrica
Pediatrics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 94 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf