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Gender Norms, Gender Role Conflict/Stress and HIV Risk Behaviors Among Men in Mpumalanga, South Africa
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2018 (English)In: Aids and Behavior, ISSN 1090-7165, E-ISSN 1573-3254, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 1858-1869Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Men's gender role conflict and stress (GRC/S), the psychological strain they experience around fulfilling expectations of themselves as men, has been largely unexplored in HIV prevention research. We examined associations between both men's gender norms and GRC/S and three HIV risk behaviors using data from a population-based survey of 579 18-35 year-old men in rural northeast South Africa. Prevalence of sexual partner concurrency and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration in the last 12 months were 38.0 and 13.4%, respectively; 19.9% abused alcohol. More inequitable gender norms and higher GRC/S were each significantly associated with an increased odds of concurrency (p = 0.01; p < 0.01, respectively), IPV perpetration (p = 0.03; p < 0.01), and alcohol abuse (p = 0.02; p < 0.001), controlling for demographic characteristics. Ancillary analyses demonstrated significant positive associations between: concurrency and the GRC/S sub-dimension subordination to women; IPV perpetration and restrictive emotionality; and alcohol abuse and success, power, competition. Programs to transform gender norms should be coupled with effective strategies to prevent and reduce men's GRC/S.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018. Vol. 22, no 6, p. 1858-1869
Keywords [en]
Gender role, HIV, Sexual behavior, Violence, Alcohol, South Africa
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Gender Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-148730DOI: 10.1007/s10461-017-1706-9ISI: 000432716100015PubMedID: 28161801Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85011593690OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-148730DiVA, id: diva2:1221090
Available from: 2018-06-19 Created: 2018-06-19 Last updated: 2018-06-19Bibliographically approved

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Kahn, Kathleen

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • ieee
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