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Characterization of the Fat Channel for Intra-Body Communication at R-Band Frequencies
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Computing Science. Department of Electronics and Electrical Communications, Menoufia University, Menouf, Egypt.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1318-7519
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2018 (English)In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 18, no 9, article id 2752Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we investigate the use of fat tissue as a communication channel between in-body, implanted devices at R-band frequencies (1.7–2.6 GHz). The proposed fat channel is based on an anatomical model of the human body. We propose a novel probe that is optimized to efficiently radiate the R-band frequencies into the fat tissue. We use our probe to evaluate the path loss of the fat channel by studying the channel transmission coefficient over the R-band frequencies. We conduct extensive simulation studies and validate our results by experimentation on phantom and ex-vivo porcine tissue, with good agreement between simulations and experiments. We demonstrate a performance comparison between the fat channel and similar waveguide structures. Our characterization of the fat channel reveals propagation path loss of ∼0.7 dB and ∼1.9 dB per cm for phantom and ex-vivo porcine tissue, respectively. These results demonstrate that fat tissue can be used as a communication channel for high data rate intra-body networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018. Vol. 18, no 9, article id 2752
Keywords [en]
intra-body communication, path loss, microwave probes, channel characterization, fat tissue, ex-vivo, phantom, dielectric properties, topology optimization
National Category
Communication Systems Computer Sciences Medical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-150977DOI: 10.3390/s18092752ISI: 000446940600011PubMedID: 30134629Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85052218591OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-150977DiVA, id: diva2:1240615
Funder
eSSENCE - An eScience Collaboration, 5700-15103VINNOVA, 2015-04159Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , RIT17-0020Available from: 2018-08-21 Created: 2018-08-21 Last updated: 2018-12-13Bibliographically approved

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Hassan, EmadeldeenNoreland, DanielWadbro, EddieBerggren, Martin

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Badariah Asan, NoorHassan, EmadeldeenRedzwan Mohd Shah, SyaifulNoreland, DanielBlokhuis, Taco J.Wadbro, EddieBerggren, MartinVoigt, ThiemoAugustine, Robin
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