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Challenging the Universality of Achievement Goals: A Comparison of Two Culturally Distinct Countries
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Science and Mathematics Education. UmSER.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8454-319x
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Science and Mathematics Education. UmSER.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1535-873X
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate the factor structure of achievement goals among students in Sweden and Germany, two countries differing substantially in competitiveness according to Hofstede’s dimensions of national culture. As the competitiveness dimension resembles performance goal classroom structures, shown to affect students’ achievement goals, we propose that the structure of students’ achievement goals may differ between the countries. Through confirmatory factor analyses, we found that a three-factor model, separating mastery-approach, performance-approach,and performance-avoidance goals, fitted the German students’ data best. In Sweden, the three-factor model and a two factormodel combining the two performance goals fitted the data equally well. However, the correlation between the performance approach and avoidance goals in the Swedish three-factor model was not significantly different from 1 and we thus considered the separation to lack practical significance. We discuss national culture, and other variables, as explanations for the differences in achievement goal factor structures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Motivation, Achievement goal theory, Goals, Measurement, National culture, Comparative study
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
educational work; didactics of natural science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-151492OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-151492DiVA, id: diva2:1245318
Conference
International Conference on Motivation (ICM) 2018, Aarhus, Denmark, August 15-17 2018
Projects
DoLiS
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721-2013-2180Available from: 2018-09-05 Created: 2018-09-05 Last updated: 2018-09-05

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Hofverberg, AndersWinberg, Mikael T.

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf