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Sport policy analysis revisited: the sport policy process as an interlinked chain of legitimating acts
Department of Cultural and Social Studies, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Centre for Sport Policy and Politics, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9619-801X
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Department of Cultural and Social Studies, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2745-4841
Faculty of Public Health, Norway Inland University of Applied Sciences, Elverum, Norway.
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, ISSN 1940-6940, E-ISSN 1940-6959, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 621-635Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

By providing an analytical framework that draws on a conceptualisation of legitimacy in organisation studies, this paper demonstrates that the sport policy process can be understood as an interlinked chain of legitimating acts. Based on recent suggestions in organisation theory literature on how to approach legitimacy and legitimation, we applied the framework on a small sample of published sport policy studies to demonstrate its utility. By applying the framework, six interweaved and interweaving elements of the legitimating act within sport policy processes were identified: legitimacy-seeking organisation, subject, source(s), strategy, bases and scenario. The analysis shows that each of the six elements works by intersecting within each phase of the policy process. The main conclusion is that consequences – often unintended – resulting from legitimating acts in one phase have legitimacy-related implications for the other phases of the policy process. As pressing as pinpointing the use of all elements of the framework is, it is equally important to distinguish each of the elements in order to fulfil the analytical potential of the proposed framework. Since sport policy processes in practice rely primarily on organisations and organisational action, future sport policy research would benefit from this type of framework connecting organisations and organising to policy processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018. Vol. 10, no 4, p. 621-635
Keywords [en]
Legitimacy, organisation theory, public policy, unintended consequences
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-152369DOI: 10.1080/19406940.2018.1522657ISI: 000456130400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-152369DiVA, id: diva2:1253340
Available from: 2018-10-04 Created: 2018-10-04 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved

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Stenling, CeciliaFahlén, Josef

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