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Permeability and ammonia selectivity in aquaporin TIP2;1: linking structure to function
KTH, Fysik.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2679-3235
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
KTH, Fysik.
KTH, Fysik.
(English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Aquaporin TIP2;1 is a protein channel that is permeable to both water and ammonia. Thestructural origin of ammonia selectivity remains obscure, but experiments have revealed that adouble mutation renders it impermeable to ammonia without affecting water permeability. Here,we aim to reproduce and explain these observations by performing an extensive mutationalstudy using microsecond long molecular dynamics simulations, applying two popular force fields.We calculate permeabilities and free energy profiles along the channel axis, for ammonia andwater. For one force field, the permeability of the double mutant decreases by a factor of 2.5 forwater and a factor of 4 for ammonia, thus increasing the selectivity for water. We attribute thiseffect to decreased entropy of water in the pore, due to the observed increase in pore–waterinteractions and narrower pore. Additionally, we observe spontaneous opening and closing ofthe pore on the cytosolic side, which suggests a gating mechanism for the pore. Our resultsshow that sampling methods and simulation times are sufficient to delineate even subtle effectsof mutations on structure and function and to capture important long-timescale events, butalso underline the importance of improving models further.

Keywords [en]
aquaporin, molecular dynamics
National Category
Biophysics
Research subject
Biological Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153200OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-153200DiVA, id: diva2:1261893
Note

QC 20171206

Available from: 2018-11-08 Created: 2018-11-08 Last updated: 2018-11-08

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