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The impact of spoken action words on performance in a cross-modal oddball task
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi. School of Psychology, Cardiff University, United Kingdom.
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, nr 11, artikkel-id e0207852Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study a cross-modal oddball task was employed to study the effect that words spoken either non-urgently or urgently would have on a digit categorization task and if women would exhibit greater behavioral inhibitory control. The words were unrelated to the task itself, but related to the action required to complete the task. Forty participants (21 women) conducted a computerized categorization task while exposed to a sinewave tone as a standard stimulus (75% of the trials) or a to-be ignored word (press, stop) spoken either non-urgently or urgently as unexpected auditory deviant stimulus (6.25% trials for each category). Urgent words had sharp intonation and an average fundamental frequency (F0) ranging from 191.9 (stop) to 204.6 (press) Hz. Non-urgent words had low intonation with average F0 ranging from 103.9.9 (stop) to 120.3 (press) Hz. As expected, deviant distraction and longer response times were found by exposure to the word stop, but deviant distraction was not found to be significant with the word press or due to intonation. While the results showed that women had in general longer reaction times, there were no gender differences found related to the deviant distraction caused by word or intonation. The present results do not support the hypothesis that women have greater behavioral inhibitory control, but there was evidence that the meaning of the word could influence response times.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2018. Vol. 13, nr 11, artikkel-id e0207852
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153436DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207852ISI: 000450775300049PubMedID: 30458043OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-153436DiVA, id: diva2:1264728
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 421-2011-1782Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2211-0505Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, KAW 2014.0205Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-11-21 Laget: 2018-11-21 Sist oppdatert: 2018-12-19bibliografisk kontrollert

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