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Engineering non-cellulosic polysaccharides of wood for the biorefinery
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3866-0111
2018 (English)In: Frontiers in Plant Science, ISSN 1664-462X, E-ISSN 1664-462X, Vol. 9, article id 1537Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Non-cellulosic polysaccharides constitute approximately one third of usable woody biomass for human exploitation. In contrast to cellulose, these substances are composed of several different types of unit monosaccharides and their backbones are substituted by various groups. Their structural diversity and recent examples of their modification in transgenic plants and mutants suggest they can be targeted for improving wood-processing properties, thereby facilitating conversion of wood in a biorefinery setting. Critical knowledge on their structure-function relationship is slowly emerging, although our understanding of molecular interactions responsible for observed phenomena is still incomplete. This review: (1) provides an overview of structural features of major non-cellulosic polysaccharides of wood, (2) describes the fate of non-cellulosic polysaccharides during biorefinery processing, (3) shows how the non-cellulosic polysaccharides impact lignocellulose processing focused on yields of either sugars or polymers, and (4) discusses outlooks for the improvement of tree species for biorefinery by modifying the structure of non-cellulosic polysaccharides.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2018. Vol. 9, article id 1537
Keywords [en]
non-cellulosic polysaccharides, woody biomass, secondary cell wall, hemicellulose, pectin, galactan, tree genetic improvement, wood biorefining
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153703DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2018.01537ISI: 000447980100003PubMedID: 30405672OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-153703DiVA, id: diva2:1268223
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research Swedish Energy AgencyBio4EnergyAvailable from: 2018-12-05 Created: 2018-12-05 Last updated: 2018-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Gandla, Madhavi LathaJönsson, Leif J.

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