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Delta Np63 alpha expression induces loss of cell adhesion in triple-negative breast cancer cells
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2016 (English)In: BMC Cancer, ISSN 1471-2407, E-ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 16, article id 782Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: p63, a member of the p53 protein family, plays key roles in epithelial development and carcinogenesis. In breast cancer, p63 expression has been found predominantly in basal-A (epithelial-type) triple-negative breast carcinomas (TNBC). To investigate the functional role of p63 in basal-A TNBC, we created MDA-MB-468 cell lines with inducible expression of the two major N-terminal p63 isoforms, TAp63 alpha and Delta Np63 alpha. Results: TAp63 alpha did not have significant effect on gene expression profile and cell phenotype, whilst the main effect of Delta Np63 alpha was reduction of cell adhesion. Gene expression profiling revealed genes involved in cell adhesion and migration whose expression relies on overexpression of Delta Np63 alpha. Reduced cell adhesion also led to decreased cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Similar data were obtained in another basal-A cell line, BT-20, but not in BT-549 basal-B (mesenchymal-like) TNBC cells. Conclusions: In basal-A TNBC cells, Delta Np63 alpha has much stronger effects on gene expression than TAp63 alpha. Although p63 is mentioned mostly in connection with breast cell differentiation and stem cell regulation, we showed that a major effect of p63 is regulation of cell adhesion, a process important in metastasis and invasion of tumour cells. That this effect is not seen in mesenchymal-type TNBC cells suggests lineage-dependent functions, mirroring the expression of Delta Np63 alpha in primary human breast cancers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2016. Vol. 16, article id 782
Keywords [en]
p63 isoforms, Triple-negative breast cancer, Adhesion
National Category
Cancer and Oncology Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153860DOI: 10.1186/s12885-016-2808-xISI: 000442450800001PubMedID: 27724925OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-153860DiVA, id: diva2:1268330
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Swedish Cancer SocietyAvailable from: 2018-12-05 Created: 2018-12-05 Last updated: 2018-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Nylander, Karin

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