umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
A prelude to the dual provider family: the changing role of female labor force participation and occupational field on fertility outcomes during the baby boom in Sweden 1900–60
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA), Stockholm University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7559-2571
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0180-5762
2019 (English)In: The History of the Family, ISSN 1081-602X, E-ISSN 1873-5398, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 149-173Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

By investigating changes in the association between women’s socioeconomic status, labor market activity and fertility outcomes during the Swedish baby boom 1900–60 this study reaches three main conclusions. First, the results show that a convergence of fertility behavior occurred across female socioeconomic strata during the peak baby boom period in the 1940s and 1950s in terms of a strong two child norm. Second, the negative socio-economic gradient of fertility found in Sweden before the baby boom declined sharply among women who came of age during the 1940s and 1950s, as white-collar women increased their fertility more than all the other strata. Third, this was especially the case for women engaged in the so called ‘caring professions’ that exhibit the largest changes in behavior. The pattern found in contemporary Western contexts where women in healthcare and education have a substantially higher fertility was thus formed in Sweden already during the 1940s and 1950s. The empirical finding fit with the interpretation that middle-class women employed in the public sector experienced stronger reductions in constraints to family formation compared to women employed in the private sector. We propose that the pronatalist polices implemented in the 1930s and 1940s, especially the extensive improvements in employment protection implemented for women who got married or became pregnant in the late 1930s in Sweden, is one important factor to consider when we try to understand why especially women employed in the public sector in education and healthcare increased their fertility more than other groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019. Vol. 24, no 1, p. 149-173
Keywords [en]
Fertility, baby boom, female labor force participation, caring professions, Sweden
National Category
History Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Historical Demography; History; history of education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154625DOI: 10.1080/1081602X.2018.1556721ISI: 000462901600007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-154625DiVA, id: diva2:1273204
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2019-05-23Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(3079 kB)46 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 3079 kBChecksum SHA-512
ab49c971907669812a67f28fc6838412c4757343764816da1ee9e3dfd4ec6ff1d45b7fc81b30f2bdbe276c6a1268929ce92ff5bf260ba80e07e9d74764382446
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Sandström, GlennMarklund, Emil

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Sandström, GlennMarklund, Emil
By organisation
Department of historical, philosophical and religious studiesCentre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR)Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS)
In the same journal
The History of the Family
HistoryOther Social Sciences not elsewhere specified

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 91 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 687 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf