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Triple therapy after PCI - Warfarin treatment quality and bleeding risk
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9789-2206
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
2018 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 12, article id e0209187Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: A combination of warfarin, aspirin and clopidogrel is indicated after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in some patients, despite the higher risk of bleeding inferred by this triple therapy.

Objectives: Whether the treatment quality of warfarin measured by iTTR (individual time within therapeutic INR range) is associated with bleeding complications during triple therapy after PCI.

Methods: A retrospective register study consisting of 601 triple treated PCI patients from the Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry (SCAAR). The cohort was cross-matched with the Swedish Patient Registry for background characteristics and bleeding complications up to 6 months after PCI using ICD10 codes, the Prescribed Drug Registry for ongoing medications, and the national oral anticoagulation registry Auricula for warfarin treatment quality. The patients were grouped into four iTTR groups: <50%, 50–69.9%, 70–84.9% and >85% as well as iTTR above or below 70%.

Results: Of 601 patients, 39 (6.5%) had a bleeding complication (type 2 according to BARC). Bleeding was more common for iTTR<70% compared to iTTR>70%, 28 (9.3%) vs. 11 (3.7%) (p = 0.005). The bleeding frequency increased gradually from the best group, iTTR>85% with four bleeders (3.3%) up to 17 bleeders (13.3%) in the worst group with iTTR<50% (p = 0.003), with a corresponding bleeding rate per 100 treatment years of 8.0 and 44.9, respectively. In multivariate analysis low BMI, HR 1.11 (95% CI 1.01–1.22), a medical history of anemia HR 3.17 (1.16–8.69) and iTTR < 70% HR 2.86 (1.25–6.53) increased the risk of bleeding.

Conclusion: Triple therapy after PCI confers a high risk of bleeding events. Warfarin treatment quality measured by iTTR as well as a medical history of anemia are strong independent predictors of bleeding in these patients. Physicians should pay more attention to iTTR after PCI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library Science , 2018. Vol. 13, no 12, article id e0209187
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155102DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209187ISI: 000453774100040PubMedID: 30562365OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-155102DiVA, id: diva2:1276718
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved

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Wadell, DanielSjälander, Anders

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