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Prediction of Electrode Contacts for Clinically Effective Deep Brain Stimulation in Essential Tremor
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Clinical Neuroscience.
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2018 (English)In: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, ISSN 1011-6125, E-ISSN 1423-0372, Vol. 96, no 5, p. 281-288Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background/Aim: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established neurosurgical treatment that can be used to alleviate symptoms in essential tremor (ET) and other movement disorders. The aim was to develop a method and software tool for the prediction of effective DBS electrode contacts based on probabilistic stimulation maps (PSMs) in patients with ET treated with caudal zona incerta (cZi) DBS. Methods: A total of 33 patients (37 leads) treated with DBS were evaluated with the Essential Tremor Rating Scale (ETRS) 12 months after surgery. In addition, hand tremor and hand function (ETRS items 5/6 and 11-14) were evaluated for every contact during stimulation with best possible outcome without inducing side effects. Prediction of effective DBS electrode contacts was carried out in a retrospective leave-one-out manner based on PSMs, simulated stimulation fields, and a scoring function. Electrode contacts were ranked according to their likelihood of being included in the clinical setting. Ranked electrode contacts were compared to actual clinical settings. Results: Predictions made by the software tool showed that electrode contacts with rank 1 matched the clinically used contacts in 60% of the cases. Contacts with a rank of 1-2 and 1-3 matched the clinical contacts in 83 and 94% of the cases, respectively. Mean improvement of hand tremor and hand function was 79 +/- 21% and 77 +/- 22% for the clinically used and the predicted electrode contacts, respectively. Conclusions: Effective electrode contacts can be predicted based on PSMs in patients treated with cZi DBS for ET. Predictions may in the future be used to reduce the number of clinical assessments that are carried out before a satisfying stimulation setting is defined.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
S. Karger, 2018. Vol. 96, no 5, p. 281-288
Keywords [en]
Prediction, Electrode contacts, Deep brain stimulation, Essential tremor, Simulations
National Category
Neurosciences Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155256DOI: 10.1159/000492230ISI: 000454181200001PubMedID: 30269142OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-155256DiVA, id: diva2:1277936
Available from: 2019-01-11 Created: 2019-01-11 Last updated: 2019-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Samuelsson, JenniferBlomstedt, Patric

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