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Laitinen's Subgenual Cingulotomy: Anatomical Location and Case Report
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Clinical Neuroscience. Unit of Functional Neurosurgery, University College London – Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom.
2018 (English)In: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, ISSN 1011-6125, E-ISSN 1423-0372, Vol. 96, no 5, p. 342-346Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The widespread use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for movement disorders has renewed the interest in DBS for psychiatric disorders. Lauri Laitinen was a pioneer of stereotactic psychosurgery in the 1950s to 1970s, especially by introducing the subgenual cingulotomy. Our aim here was to verify the anatomical target used by Laitinen, to report on a patient who underwent this procedure, and to review the literature. Materials and Methods: The records of Helsinki University Hospital were searched for psychosurgical cases performed between 1970 and 1974. Alive consenting patients were interviewed and underwent a brain MRI. Results: We found 1 patient alive who underwent subgenual cingulotomy in 1971 for obsessive thoughts, anxiety, and compulsions, diagnosed at that time as "schizophrenia psychoneurotica." MRI showed bilateral subgenual cingulotomy lesions (254 and 160 mm(3), respectively). The coordinates of the center of the lesions in relation to the midcommissural point for the right and left, respectively, were: 7.1 and 7.9 mm lateral; 0.2 mm inferior and 1.4 mm superior, and 33.0 and 33.9 anterior, confirming correct subgenual targeting. The patient reported retrospective satisfactory results. Conclusions: The lesion in this patient was found to be in the expected location, which gives some verification of the correct placement of Laitinen's subgenus cingulotomy target.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
S. Karger, 2018. Vol. 96, no 5, p. 342-346
Keywords [en]
Cingulotomy, Functional neurosurgery, Lesion, Psychosurgery, Stereotactic, Subgenual cingulum
National Category
Neurosciences Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155255DOI: 10.1159/000492058ISI: 000454181200009PubMedID: 30278436OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-155255DiVA, id: diva2:1278003
Available from: 2019-01-11 Created: 2019-01-11 Last updated: 2019-01-11Bibliographically approved

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