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From Child Protection to Paradigm Protection-The Genesis, Development, and Defense of a Scientific Paradigm
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Rättsmedicin.
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, ISSN 0360-5310, E-ISSN 1744-5019, Vol. 44, nr 3, s. 378-390Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A scientific paradigm typically embraces research norms and values, such as truth-seeking, critical thinking, disinterestedness, and good scientific practice. These values should prevent a paradigm from introducing defective assumptions. But sometimes, scientists who are also physicians develop clinical norms that are in conflict with the scientific enterprise. As an example of such a conflict, we have analyzed the genesis and development of the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) paradigm. The point of departure of the analysis is a recently conducted systematic literature review, which concluded that there is very low scientific evidence for the basic assumption held by Child Protection Teams: when certain signs are present (and no other "acceptable" explanations are provided) the infant has been violently shaken. We suggest that such teams have developed more value-based than scientific-based criteria when classifying SBS cases. Further, we suggest that the teams are victims of "groupthink," aggravating the difficulties in considering critics' questioning the criteria established by the teams.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford University Press, 2019. Vol. 44, nr 3, s. 378-390
Nyckelord [en]
child protection teams, circular reasoning, groupthink, shaken baby syndrome, value-based criteria
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Rättsmedicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155359DOI: 10.1093/jmp/jhy015ISI: 000469817200007PubMedID: 30184158OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-155359DiVA, id: diva2:1278351
Tillgänglig från: 2019-01-14 Skapad: 2019-01-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-05Bibliografiskt granskad

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