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Balance and mobility in patients with newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease: a five-year follow-up of a cohort in northern Sweden
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmakologi och klinisk neurovetenskap, Klinisk neurovetenskap.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Fysioterapi.
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 42, nr 6, s. 770-778Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The presence of early balance impairment in patients with Parkinson's disease has not been fully investigated.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine balance and mobility, self-perceived unsteadiness, self-reported falls, and effects of medication on balance among patients at their first visit to a neurological clinic and during the ensuing five years.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants were collected from a prospective longitudinal study. One hundred and forty-five patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease and 31 healthy controls were included. The outcome measures were the Berg Balance Scale, the Timed Up and Go, the Postural Stability test and a questionnaire.

RESULTS: At their first visit to the neurological clinic, the patients performed less well on the Berg Balance Scale (p < 0.001, r = 0.36), the Timed Up and Go (p < 0.001, r = 0.32), and the Postural Stability test (p < 0.001, r = 0.35) compared with the controls. In addition, a higher percentage of the patients reported self-perceived unsteadiness (p < 0.001, phi = 0.47). During the ensuing five years, balance and mobility worsened both with and without medication (p < 0.01, r = 0.24-0.37), although with small median differences.

CONCLUSIONS: Further studies are needed to confirm that minor balance impairments exist even at the time of diagnosis and worsen during the ensuing five years. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Impairments in balance and mobility may occur early in Parkinson's disease, especially in the elderly patients, and seem to worsen during the first five years. There is a need to use sensitive outcome measures and to ask the patients about unsteadiness and falls to detect balance impairment in this cohort. Parkinsonian medication has a limited effect on balance and may preferably be complemented with balance exercises to target balance impairment early in Parkinson's disease.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2020. Vol. 42, nr 6, s. 770-778
Nyckelord [en]
Parkinson’s disease, balance, exercise, falls, parkinsonism, postural instability
Nationell ämneskategori
Neurologi
Forskningsämne
neurologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155392DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2018.1509240ISI: 000519894000004PubMedID: 30451551OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-155392DiVA, id: diva2:1278751
Tillgänglig från: 2019-01-15 Skapad: 2019-01-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-04-02Bibliografiskt granskad

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Lindström, BrittaForsgren, LarsJohansson, Gudrun M.

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