umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Exercise self-efficacy (ESE) in adults with congential heart disease
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6321-8240
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
Show others and affiliations
2017 (English)In: European Heart Journal, ISSN 0195-668X, E-ISSN 1522-9645, Vol. 38, no Suppl. 1, article id ehx501.P618Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Many adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have reduced aerobic exercise capacity and impaired muscle function. However, it is largely unknown which factors have influence on the confidence to perform exercise training, i.e. Exercise Self-Efficacy (ESE).

Aims: To identify factors related to low ESE, and thus identify potential targets for rehabilitation and thereby enhance the potential for being physically active.

Methods: Seventy-nine adults with CHD; simple lesions n=38 (women n=16), complex lesions n=41 (women n=17) (mean age 36.7±14.6 years) and 42 age and sex matched controls were recruited. All participants completed questionnaires on ESE, quality of life (EQ-5D), and physical activity (international physical activity questionnaire, IPAQ), and performed muscle endurance tests.

Results: ESE was categorised into low (<26 points, n=24) and high (≥26 points, n=55). Patients with low ESE were older (45.2±15.4 vs. 32.6±12.5 years, p=0.002), more often had prescribed medication (67% vs. 44%, p=0.06), higher New York Heart Association functional class (NYHA) (≥ III) (25% vs. 7%, p=0.03) and performed fewer shoulder flexions (30.9±16.1 vs. 45.9±23.9, p=0.01) compared with those with high ESE. In the high ESE group, ESE did not differ from controls (33.8±3.9 vs. 33.4±6.1, p=0.74). In linear multivariate analysis age (B;-0.18, 95% CI -0.28- -0.08), smoking (B;-3.73, 95% CI -7.17- -0.28), EQ-5Dindex <1 (B;-3.33, 95% CI -6.08- -0.57) and number of shoulder flexions (B; 0.09, 95% CI 0.03–0.16) were independently associated with ESE.

Conclusion: Many adults with CHD have low ESE. Rehabilitation targeting quality of life, smoking cessation and muscle training may improve ESE, and thus enhance the potential for being physically active in this population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 38, no Suppl. 1, article id ehx501.P618
Keywords [en]
heart diseases, exercise, adult, self efficacy
National Category
Physiotherapy
Research subject
Caring Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156919DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehx501.P618OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-156919DiVA, id: diva2:1292962
Conference
European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Congress 2017, 26-30 August, Barcelona, Spain
Available from: 2019-03-01 Created: 2019-03-01 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textURL

Authority records BETA

Bay, AnnikaSandberg, CamillaWadell, KarinJohansson, Bengt

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bay, AnnikaSandberg, CamillaWadell, KarinJohansson, Bengt
By organisation
Department of Public Health and Clinical MedicinePhysiotherapy
In the same journal
European Heart Journal
Physiotherapy

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 207 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf