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All-polyethylene tibial components in young patients have stable fixation; a comparison RSA study
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
2019 (English)In: Knee (Oxford), ISSN 0968-0160, E-ISSN 1873-5800, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 392-399Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: All-polyethylene (AP) tibial components in patients aged greater than 60 years have stable tibial migration patterns and favorable survival rates when compared to identical Metal-backed (MB) designs. Tibial component migration in younger patients has not been reported. The aim of this study was to examine the migration characteristics of patients aged less than 60 years compared to a previous cohort of AP and MB tibial components of identical design in older patients.

METHODS: A prospective consecutive study examined tibial component migration in 21 patients aged less than 60 years undergoing a cemented total knee arthroplasty with an AP tibial component by radiostereometric analysis (RSA) to 24 months. Results were compared to the authors' previous series of 21 patients aged greater than 60 years that were randomized to either an AP or MB tibial component.

RESULTS: Both age groups of patients implanted with an AP component had stable migration patterns with no patient having greater than 0.2° rotation or 0.2 mm maximum total point motion. Five of 11 MB tibial components displayed continued migration between one and two years. Subsidence was similar in all groups, whilst maximum total point motion was greater for the MB cohort (0.34 mm, 0.33 mm, 0.61 mm; AP <60, AP >60, MB).

CONCLUSIONS: Young patients implanted with an AP tibial component had stable tibial migration patterns comparable to older patients with the same AP implant. Regardless of age, AP tibial components were at least as stable as MB tibial components.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, Prospective comparative study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 26, no 2, p. 392-399
Keywords [en]
All-polyethylene, Knee arthroplasty, Radiostereometry, Tibial migration
National Category
Orthopaedics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157680DOI: 10.1016/j.knee.2018.12.003ISI: 000470052400014PubMedID: 30638681OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-157680DiVA, id: diva2:1300743
Available from: 2019-03-29 Created: 2019-03-29 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Kjell G.

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CiteExportLink to record
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