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Interaction between tele-nurses and callers with an evolving myocardial infarction: consequences for level of directed care
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7918-6121
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1688-8991
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2019 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 18, no 7, p. 545-553Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Rapid contact with emergency medical services is imperative to save the lives of acute myocardial infarction patients. However, many patients turn to a telehealth advisory nurse instead, where the delivery of urgent and safe care largely depends on how the interaction in the call is established.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the interaction between tele-nurses and callers with an evolving myocardial infarction after contacting a national telehealth advisory service number as their first medical contact.

Method: Twenty men and 10 women (aged 46–89 years) were included. Authentic calls were analysed using inductive content analysis.

Findings: One overall category, Movement towards directed level of care, labelled the whole interaction between the tele-nurse and the caller. Four categories conceptualised the different interactions: a distinct, reasoning, indecisive or irrational interaction. The interactions described how tele-nurses and callers assessed and elaborated on symptoms, context and actions. The interaction was pivotal for progress in the dialogue and affected the achievement of mutual understanding in the communicative process. An indecisive or irrational interaction could increase the risk of failing to recommend or call for acute care.

Conclusion: The interaction in the communication could either lead or mislead the level of care directed in the call. This study adds new perspectives to the communicative process in the acute setting in order to identify a myocardial infarction and the level of urgency from both individuals experiencing myocardial infarction and professionals in the health system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019. Vol. 18, no 7, p. 545-553
Keywords [en]
Pre-hospital care-seeking, interaction, level of care, myocardial infarction, tele-nursing
National Category
Nursing Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158815DOI: 10.1177/1474515119848195ISI: 000487801400004PubMedID: 31067981OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-158815DiVA, id: diva2:1314637
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-10-16Bibliographically approved

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Ängerud, Karin H.Brännström, Margareta

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