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EMOTION REGULATION DIFFICULTIES AS A MEDIATOR BETWEEN  SELF-COMPASSION,  SELF-WARMTH,  SELF-COLDNESS AND MENTAL HEALTH
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Betydelsen som self-compassion (SC) har för psykisk ohälsa (MHP) är väletablerad inom psykologin. Inwood & Ferrari (2018) fann att svårigheter med känsloreglering (ERD) kunde mediera relationen mellan SC och MHP. Forskning har föreslagit att Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) bäst används som bestående av två faktorer, self-coldness (SC-NA) och self-warmth (SC-PA; Brenner et al., 2018; Costa et al., 2016), istället för en universell faktor (Neff et al., 2019). Syftet med denna tvärsnittsstudie var att undersöka relationen mellan SCS och MHP och den medierande rollen av ERD utifrån båda konceptualiseringarna av SCS (SC som ett generellt konstrukt eller som bestående av två faktorer, SC-PA och SC-NA). 415 personer svarade på en webbenkät bestående av instrumenten SCS, DERS-16 (mätte ERD) och DASS-21 (mätte MHP). Structural equation modeling (SEM) genomfördes i AMOS 24 för att analysera relationerna mellan de observerade variablerna. Resultaten visade att ERD kunde helt mediera relationerna mellan SCS och MHP, oavsett konceptualisering. SC-NA och SC-PA korrelerade också starkt med varandra. Ingen modell uppvisade en genomgående god fit, vilket diskuteras i förhållande till de olika SCS-konceptualiseringarna. Resultaten tydde på att dessa behöver undersökas vidare, exempelvis genom longitudinella studier och faktoranalyser av SCS. 

Abstract [en]

The importance of self-compassion (SC) for mental health problems (MHP) is well established in the psychology literature. When examining this relationship, emotion regulation difficulties (ERD) has been found to mediate the relationship between SC and MHP (Inwood & Ferrari, 2018). Recent research has suggested that the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), is best utilized as consisting of two factors, self-coldness (SC-NA) and self-warmth (SC-PA; Brenner et al., 2018; Costa et al., 2016) as opposed to one universal factor (Neff et al., 2019). The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between SCS and MHP and the mediating role of ERD utilizing both conceptualizations of SCS (SC as a general construct or as consisting of two factors, SC-PA and SC-NA). 415 participants answered an online survey consisting of the instruments SCS, DERS-16 (measuring ERD) and DASS-21 (measuring MHP). Structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted in AMOS 24 to analyze the relationships between variables. Results showed that ERD fully mediated the relationship between SC and MHP, in both conceptualizations. All studied constructs were found to correlate strongly with each other. No model showed consistently good fit, which is discussed in regards to the different conceptualizations used. Results also indicate that both conceptualizations need further examination, propositionally through longitudinal studies and factor analysis of the SCS. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
self-compassion, self-coldness, self-warmth, emotion regulation difficulties, mental health problems, structural equation modeling
Keywords [sv]
self-compassion, self-warmth, self-coldness, svårigheter med känsloreglering, psykisk ohälsa, structural equation modeling
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159503OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159503DiVA, id: diva2:1318983
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-05 Created: 2019-05-29 Last updated: 2019-06-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
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Language
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Output format
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