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Making "wilderness" in a northern natural resource periphery: on restructuring and production of a pleasure periphery in northern Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2822-5503
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6557-3876
KTH.
2019 (English)In: The politics of Arctic resources: change and continuity in the "Old North" of northern Europe / [ed] E. Carina H. Keskitalo, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 99-118Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Chapter 6 takes up the more recently developed sector of tourism, problematizing the assumptions inherent in conceptions such as "resource periphery" and "pleasure periphery". Instead, the chapter shows that resource use and tourism may well interact, and that tourism even largely relates to mining or mining infrastructure: the extensive existence of infrastructure related to resource uses and industrial as well as post-industrial development at large can even be seen as the basis for tourists being able to access the "wilderness".

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2019. p. 99-118
Series
Transforming environmental politics and policy
Keywords [en]
tourism, Northern Sweden, restructuring, wilderness
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-161559DOI: 10.4324/9781315174969-6ISBN: 9781138040601 (print)ISBN: 9781315174969 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-161559DiVA, id: diva2:1336854
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental ResearchAvailable from: 2019-07-10 Created: 2019-07-10 Last updated: 2019-09-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Tourism Development in Resource Peripheries: conflicting and Unifying Spaces in Northern Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tourism Development in Resource Peripheries: conflicting and Unifying Spaces in Northern Sweden
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The northern Swedish inland is a sparsely populated area with a historical dependence upon natural-resource extraction. Therefore, this region has traditionally been defined as a resource periphery for extractive purposes. However, the rise of tourism challenges this narrative by producing a pleasure periphery for touristic purposes. A pleasure periphery in this context is linked to nature-based tourism that sells dreams of pristine nature and/or vast wilderness. This touristic “story” therefore becomes an antithesis to the region's industrial past. The overlapping touristic and extractive spaces, and their seemingly conflicting development narratives, constitute the theoretical approach to tourism development in the scope of this thesis. Further, this thesis adds to theorizing tourism development in northern peripheries, by contesting established development theories against each other in a northern Swedish setting. Multiple methods using both quantitative and qualitative data are used to answer the questions in this thesis.

Three conclusions can be derived based on the empirical findings. Firstly, established tourism development theories are at risk of being invalid in more peripheral settings. As an example, protected areas constitute a poor development strategy, and are not producing tourism employment as shown in studies from more densely populated regions. Other destination-development theories presupposing urban-like infrastructure, which is absent in peripheries, also become invalid. Secondly, conflicts between tourism and extractive industries do occur at the discursive level where they tend to be described in dualistic terms. However, in terms of labor-market processes, findings show that tourism and resource extraction are actually rather interrelated. Within mining tourism, such a related diversification occurs due to the spatial distribution of mining and tourism skills and the interaction between them. Thirdly, the location of tourism destinations is broadly governed by resource-extractive infrastructure. Therefore, tourism destinations are normally located in places that have previously been made accessible via investments in the resource-extractive sector. Hence, resource extraction projects (unintentionally) produce accessibility to the touristic “wilderness”.

In summary, resource extraction becomes a precondition for tourism development in northern Sweden, rather than a conflicting land-use competitor. Therefore, planners and decision makers should consider incorporating aspects of tourism in future plans for resource extraction as these industries often spatially overlap, intertwine, and consequently form a development symbiosis in northern resource peripheries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet, 2019. p. 61
Series
GERUM, ISSN 1402-5205 ; 2019:3
Keywords
Tourism development, labor market transformation, related diversification, path dependence, resource periphery, pleasure periphery
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163522 (URN)978-91-7855-122-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-10-18, S Hörsal 205, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-09-27 Created: 2019-09-24 Last updated: 2019-09-26Bibliographically approved

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Müller, Dieter K.Byström, JoakimStjernström, Olof

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