umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Dairy Products and Cancer Risk in a Northern Sweden Population
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Nutritional Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2354-7258
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4430-8125
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1962-5484
Show others and affiliations
2019 (English)In: Nutrition and Cancer, ISSN 0163-5581, E-ISSN 1532-7914Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The role of dairy products in cancer is unclear. We assessed consumption of fermented milk, non-fermented milk, cheese, and butter, estimated from semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires, in relation to prospective risk of breast, prostate, colorectal, smoking-, and obesity-related cancers in 101,235 subjects, including 12,552 cancer cases, in the population-based Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study. Most analyses (n = 20) rendered null results. In men, we observed an increased prostate cancer risk among high-consumers of cheese (hazard ratio (HR) for highest vs. lowest quintile (Q5-Q1), 1.11; 95% CI, 0.97-1.27; Ptrend = 0.013). In women, high-consumers of cheese had a decreased risk of overall cancer (HR Q5-Q1, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.88-1.04; Ptrend = 0.039), smoking-related (HR Q5-Q1, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.72-0.97; Ptrend ≤ 0.001), and colorectal cancers (HR Q5-Q1, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.63-1.07; Ptrend = 0.048). Butter yielded a weak decreased obesity-related cancer risk in women (HR Q5-Q1, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.81-1.02; Ptrend = 0.049). Fermented milk yielded HRs below zero in women, but with no clear linear associations. In conclusion, this study does not support any major adverse or beneficial effects of fermented milk, non-fermented milk, cheese, and butter in the diet from a cancer risk perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019.
Keywords [en]
dairy products, milk, cheese, fermented milk, cancer
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-161682DOI: 10.1080/01635581.2019.1637441ISI: 000476072800001PubMedID: 31298944Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85068900342OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-161682DiVA, id: diva2:1338942
Available from: 2019-07-25 Created: 2019-07-25 Last updated: 2019-08-12

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2066 kB)55 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2066 kBChecksum SHA-512
ce08201bb6d3fc934c45ca30160af420e1f2e08f294264ff22213b6e558c169c3f2d3bf1cf4aa66543b3bbc25080dcebcb0a53cfdd89b5dee29b10339ffb8dd2
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Authority records BETA

Nilsson, Lena MariaEsberg, AndersJansson, Jan-HåkanWennberg, Patrikvan Guelpen, BethanyJohansson, Ingegerd

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Nilsson, Lena MariaEsberg, AndersJansson, Jan-HåkanWennberg, Patrikvan Guelpen, BethanyJohansson, Ingegerd
By organisation
Nutritional ResearchDepartment of OdontologyDepartment of Public Health and Clinical MedicineOncologyWallenberg Centre for Molecular Medicine at Umeå University (WCMM)
In the same journal
Nutrition and Cancer
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 55 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 121 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf