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Contrasting responses in dissolved organic carbon to extreme climate events from adjacent boreal landscapes in Northern Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5758-2705
2019 (English)In: Environmental Research Letters, ISSN 1748-9326, E-ISSN 1748-9326, Vol. 14, no 8, article id 084007Article in journal, Letter (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The ongoing pressures of climate change, as expressed by the increased intensity, duration, and frequency of temperature and precipitation events, threatens the storage of carbon in northern latitudes. One key concern is how these events will affect the production, mobilization, and export of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), the main form of aquatic carbon export in these regions. In this study, we retrospectively show contrasting effects of climate extremes over 23 years on two adjacent boreal catchments, one dominated by forest cover and the other draining a mire (wetland), despite experiencing the same extreme climate events. During the peak snowmelt, DOC concentrations ranged from 20 to 33 mg l(-1) in the forest catchment and 10-28 mg l(-1) in the mire catchment respectively, highlighting large inter-annual variation in the springtime hydrologicCexport at both sites. Weused climate and discharge variables to predict this variation, and found that DOC from the forested catchment, which is derived largely from riparian soils, had the highest concentrations following cold summers, dry autumns, and winters with high precipitation. By contrast, in the mire outlet, where DOC is primarily derived from decomposing peat, the highest DOC concentrations in the spring followed cold/dry winters and dry summers. Our results indicate that processes regulating stream DOC concentrations during spring in both catchments were dependent on both temperature and precipitation in multiple seasons. Together, these patterns suggest that DOC responses to climatic extremes are complex and generate variable patterns in springtime concentrations that are strongly dependent upon landscape context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOP PUBLISHING LTD , 2019. Vol. 14, no 8, article id 084007
Keywords [en]
extreme climate events, boreal streams, peatland, boreal forest, climate change, water quality, ssolve organic carbon
National Category
Climate Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-161981DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab23d4ISI: 000476829600007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-161981DiVA, id: diva2:1342657
Available from: 2019-08-14 Created: 2019-08-14 Last updated: 2019-08-14Bibliographically approved

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Sponseller, Ryan A.

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