umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Biocrude production through hydro‐liquefaction of wood biomass in supercritical ethanol using iron silica and iron Beta zeolite catalysts
Show others and affiliations
2019 (English)In: Journal of chemical technology and biotechnology (1986), ISSN 0268-2575, E-ISSN 1097-4660Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: In the production of biofuels from lignocellulosic material, biocrude plays a key role. The present work deals with the biocrude production through hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of birch wood in supercritical ethanol over 5 wt. % Fe‐H‐Beta‐150 (SiO2 to Al2O3 ratio of 150) or 5 wt. % Fe‐SiO2 catalyst.

RESULTS: The liquid and solid products were characterized with various analytical techniques such as GC‐MS, GC‐FID, SEC, ICP‐MS, p‐XRD, SEM, and solid‐state 13C MAS NMR respectively. The results revealed that 5 wt. % Fe‐H‐Beta‐150, a strongly Brønsted acidic catalyst, enhanced the biocrude formation when compared with a non‐acidic 5 wt. % Fe‐SiO2 catalyst. Hemicellulose and lignin degradation occurred resulting in formation of mainly sugars, acids‐esters and phenolic compounds in liquid phase. The gaseous atmosphere of hydrogen also enhanced the degradation of biomass. The biocrude yield from birch was 25 wt. % over 5 wt. % Fe‐H‐Beta‐150. The Brønsted acidic catalyst gave higher dissolution efficiency and its clear catalytic effect was observed in comparison to non‐acidic 5 wt. % Fe‐SiO2. The degradation level of lignin in presence of 5 wt. % Fe‐H‐Beta‐150 was high 68 wt. % aromatic products were formed, while only 38 wt. % was obtained with 5 wt. % Fe‐SiO2.

CONCLUSIONS: Hydrogen atmosphere enhances the fractionation of birch wood when compared to argon atmosphere. 5 wt. % Fe‐H‐Beta‐150 catalyst enhanced very strongly the degradation of hemicellulose and lignin in biomass to sugars and acid‐esters as well as phenolic compounds, respectively compared to the non‐acidic 5 wt. % Fe‐SiO2 catalyst.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, Ltd , 2019.
Keywords [en]
hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL), birch, supercritical ethanol, hydrogen atmosphere, iron supported zeolite
National Category
Chemical Process Engineering Organic Chemistry Polymer Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162429DOI: 10.1002/jctb.6181OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-162429DiVA, id: diva2:1344217
Projects
Bio4EnergyAvailable from: 2019-08-20 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2019-08-29

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Mikkola, Jyri-Pekka

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Mikkola, Jyri-Pekka
By organisation
Department of Chemistry
In the same journal
Journal of chemical technology and biotechnology (1986)
Chemical Process EngineeringOrganic ChemistryPolymer Chemistry

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 54 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf