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Complexity of Primary Lifetime Occupation and Cognitive Processing
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, s. 1-12, artikkel-id 1861Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Today, there are a lack of studies focusing on the relationship between occupational complexity and executive functioning. This is noteworthy since executive functions are core aspects of cognitive processing. The present study was aimed to investigate if three occupational complexity factors (with data, people, and things) of main lifetime occupation were related to performance in executive tasks (inhibition, switching, updating). We analyzed cross-sectional data that were available for 225 participants aged 50–75 years. Results from structural equation models showed that higher complexity levels of working with data were related to lower error rates in the updating component of cognitive control. In addition, higher rates of complexity working with people was associated with lower error rates in task-switching, which also persisted after adjustment of fluid intelligence. Complexity with things, however, was not related to performance in the executive tasks. Future studies would benefit from a longitudinal design to investigate if the results from this study also hold in the long term and to further investigate the directionality between factors.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019. Vol. 10, s. 1-12, artikkel-id 1861
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
psykologi
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162532DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01861ISI: 000482078700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-162532DiVA, id: diva2:1344728
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-08-21 Laget: 2019-08-21 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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Eriksson Sörman, DanielHansson, PatrikKörning-Ljungberg, Jessica

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