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Refugee immigration and the growth of low-wage work in the EU15
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för ekonomisk historia.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1413-3707
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geografi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3570-7690
Arenagruppen, Arenaide, Stockholm, Sweden.
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Comparative Migration Studies, ISSN 2214-8590, E-ISSN 2214-594X, Vol. 7, nr 39, s. 1-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Our paper focuses on current trends in refugee migration and job polarization. In so doing, we assess the role of refugee migration in relation to institutional, technological and globalization factors in an effort to trace the factors underlying the growth of low-paying occupations in EU 15 between 1995 and 2017. Our empirical findings suggest that refugee migration has a small but positive and statistically significant impact on the growth of low-wage occupations in the EU 15 as a whole. However, the effect is attributed to Southern Europe and the UK and Irish economies. Despite hosting relatively large numbers of refugee migrants, the effects in the Nordic countries and Continental Europe are negligible, if present, and non-existent in the long run (5 years). When including all migrant workers, we find a limited impact on the growth of low-wage work in general, while the impact of immigrant workers from low-income third party countries becomes positive for the UK and Irish economy, but less for other European macro-regions. This suggests that institutional settings can play an important role in how the economy adjusts to migration. It also suggests that traditional fiscal cost calculations in relation to migration are often overestimated, as they implicitly build on the assumption that refugees and general immigration have great impacts on the growth of low-wage occupations.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019. Vol. 7, nr 39, s. 1-19
Emneord [en]
Refugees, Immigration, Low-wage jobs, EU
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
ekonomisk historia; kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163236DOI: 10.1186/s40878-019-0145-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163236DiVA, id: diva2:1350444
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-09-11 Laget: 2019-09-11 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-20bibliografisk kontrollert

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Andersson, Lars FredrikEriksson, Rikard

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