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Risk factors for a decrease in high morale in very old peopleover a 5‑year period: data from two Nordic countries
Åbo Akademi University.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5050-3720
Åbo Akademi University.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3754-5026
Vise andre og tillknytning
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

High morale could be considered to be an essential part of aging well and increased knowledge of how to prevent a decreasein high morale in very old age could have important implications for policy, and social and health care development. Theobjective was to identify social and health-related risk factors for a decrease in morale over 5 years in very old peopleamong those with high morale at baseline. The study is based on data derived from the Umeå85+/GERDA study conductedin Northern Sweden and Western Finland. The final sample consisted of 174 individuals who were 85 years and older atbaseline and who had completed the follow-up 5 years later. Morale was measured with The Philadelphia Geriatric CenterMorale Scale (PGCMS). A set of social and health-related variables were used to test which factors were associated with adecrease in morale over 5 years. Linear regression was used for the multivariable analyses. The sample had a mean changeof − 1.3 (SD = 2.5) in PGCMS scores from T1 to T2. The results from the regression analyses showed that development ofdepressive disorders, increased feelings of loneliness and the death of a child during the follow-up period were associatedwith a decrease in morale. The results from our study indicate that preventing the development of depressive disorders andincreasing loneliness are key factors in preventing a decrease in high morale. Additionally, very old people who have recentlylost an adult child should receive adequate psychosocial support

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019.
Emneord [en]
Longitudinal studies · Aged 80 and over · Subjective well-being · Quality of life
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163940DOI: 10.1007/s10433-019-00521-1Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85068004240OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163940DiVA, id: diva2:1359325
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-09 Laget: 2019-10-09 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-10

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Niklasson, JohanOlofsson, BirgittaLövheim, HugoGustafson, Yngve

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