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Charity as income redistribution: a model with optimal taxation, status, and social stigma
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
Göteborgs universitet.
University of Graz, Österrike.
2019 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

In light of the increasing inequality in many countries, this paper analyzes redistributive charitable giving from the rich to the poor in a model of optimal nonlinear income taxation. Our framework integrates (i) public and private redistribution, (ii) the warm glow of giving and stigma of receiving charitable donations, and (iii) status concerns emanating from social comparisons with respect to charitable donations and private consumption. Whether charity should be taxed or supported largely depends on the relative strengths of the warm glow of giving and the stigma of receiving charity, respectively, and on the positional externalities caused by charitable donations. In addition, imposing stigma on the mimicker (which relaxes the self-selection constraint) strengthens the case for subsidizing charity. We also consider a case where the government is unable to target the charitable giving through a direct tax instrument, and we examine how the optimal marginal income tax structure should be adjusted in response to charitable giving. Numerical simulations demonstrate that the quantitative effects of the aforementioned mechanisms can be substantial.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2019. , s. 50
Serie
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 961
Nyckelord [en]
conspicuous consumption, conspicuous charitable giving, social status, optimal income taxation, warm glow, stigma
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164198OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-164198DiVA, id: diva2:1361485
Forskningsfinansiär
VetenskapsrådetTillgänglig från: 2019-10-16 Skapad: 2019-10-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-21Bibliografiskt granskad

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