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Landscape-Scale Variability of Organic Carbon Burial by SW Greenland Lakes
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
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2019 (English)In: Ecosystems (New York. Print), ISSN 1432-9840, E-ISSN 1435-0629, Vol. 22, no 8, p. 1706-1720Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Lakes are a key feature of arctic landscapes and can be an important component of regional organic carbon (OC) budgets, but C burial rates are not well estimated. 210Pb-dated sediment cores and carbon and organic matter (as loss-on-ignition) content were used to estimate OC burial for 16 lakes in SW Greenland. Burial rates were corrected for sediment focusing using the 210Pb flux method. The study lakes span a range of water chemistries (conductivity range 25–3400 µS cm−1), areas (< 4–100 ha) and maximum depths (~ 10–50 m). The regional average focusing-corrected OC accumulation rate was ~ 2 g C m−2 y−1 prior to ~ 1950 and 3.6 g C m−2 y−1 after 1950. Among-lake variability in post-1950 OC AR was correlated with in-lake dissolved organic carbon concentration, conductivity, altitude and location along the fjord. Twelve lakes showed an increase in mean OC AR over the analyzed time period, ~ 1880–2000; as the study area was cooling until recently, this increase is probably attributable to other global change processes, for example, altered inputs of N or P. There are ~ 20,000 lakes in the study area ranging from ~ 1 ha to more than 130 km2, although over 83% of lakes are less than 10 ha. Extrapolating the mean post-1950 OC AR (3.6 g C m−2 y−1) to all lakes larger than 1000 ha and applying a lower rate of ~ 2 g C m−2 y−1 to large lakes (> 1000 ha) suggests a regional annual lake OC burial rate of ~ 10.14 × 109 g C y−1 post 1950. Given the low C content of soils in this area, lakes represent a substantial regional C store.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019. Vol. 22, no 8, p. 1706-1720
Keywords [en]
nitrogen, arctic, diatoms, tundra, biogenic silica, DOC, soil carbon
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-166453DOI: 10.1007/s10021-019-00368-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-166453DiVA, id: diva2:1379082
Available from: 2019-12-16 Created: 2019-12-16 Last updated: 2019-12-18Bibliographically approved

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Bindler, Richard

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