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Tomographic molecular imaging and 3D quantification within adult mouse organs.
Umeå universitet, Medicinsk fakultet, Umeå centrum för molekylär medicin (UCMM).
Umeå universitet, Medicinsk fakultet, Umeå centrum för molekylär medicin (UCMM).
Umeå universitet, Medicinsk fakultet, Umeå centrum för molekylär medicin (UCMM).
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2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nature Methods, ISSN 1548-7091, E-ISSN 1548-7105, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 31-33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2007. Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 31-33
Nyckelord [en]
Animals, Diabetes Mellitus; Type 1/*diagnosis/physiopathology, Disease Models; Animal, Disease Progression, Image Processing; Computer-Assisted/*methods, Imaging; Three-Dimensional/*methods, Islets of Langerhans/*pathology, Mice, Pancreas/*pathology, Sensitivity and Specificity, Tomography/*methods
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-5821DOI: 10.1038/nmeth985PubMedID: 17143281OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-5821DiVA, id: diva2:145489
Tillgänglig från: 2007-11-30 Skapad: 2007-11-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Optical projection tomography based 3D-spatial and quantitative assessments of the diabetic pancreas
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Optical projection tomography based 3D-spatial and quantitative assessments of the diabetic pancreas
2008 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The gastrointestinal tract comprises a number of digestive organs including the stomach and pancreas. The stomach is involved in the digestion and short term storage of food while the pancreas is a mixed endocrine and exocrine gland which provides the body with hormones and enzymes essential for nutritional utilisation. The pancreas consists of three different cell lineages, acinar, ductal and endocrine cells. The endocrine cells, organised in the islets of Langerhans, are scattered throughout the exocrine parenchyma and regulate blood glucose levels by production of hormones such as glucagon and insulin.

The Nkx family of homeodomain proteins controls numerous processes during development. Previous studies have identified two members belonging to the Nkx6 subfamily of Nkx proteins, Nkx6.1 and Nkx6.2. We have described the cloning and embryonic expression pattern of Nkx6.3. All three members of the Nkx6 gene family were shown to be expressed in partially overlapping domains during the development of the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system. Nkx6.2 was also identified as a transient marker for pancreatic exocrine cells.

Analysing gene expression patterns and morphological features in tissues and organs is often performed by stereologic sampling which is a labour-intensive two dimensional approach that rely on certain assumptions when calculating e.g. β-cell mass and islet number in the pancreas. By combined improvements in immunohistochemical protocols, computational processing and tomographic scanning, we have developed a methodology based on optical projection tomography (OPT) allowing for 3D visualisation and quantification of specifically labelled objects within intact adult mouse organs. In the pancreas, this technique allows for spatial and quantitative measurements of total islet number and β-cell mass. We have further developed a protocol allowing for high resolution regional analyses based on global OPT assessments of the pancreatic constitution. This methodology is likely to facilitate detailed cellular and molecular analysis of user defined regions of interest in the pancreas, at the same time providing information on the overall disease state of the gland.

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) can occur at any age and is characterized by the marked inability of the pancreas to secrete insulin due to an autoimmune destruction of the insulin producing β-cells. Information on the key cellular and molecular events underlying the recruitment of lymphocytes, their infiltration of the islets of Langerhans and consequent β-cell destruction is essential for understanding the pathogenesis of T1D. Using the developed methodology we have recorded the spatial and quantitative distribution of islet β-cells and infiltrating lymphocytes in the non obese diabetic (NOD) mouse model for T1D. This study shows that the smaller islets, which are predominantly organised in the periphery of the organ, are the first to disappear during the progression of T1D. The larger islets appear more resistant and our data suggest that a compensatory proliferative process is going on side by side with the autoimmune-induced β-cell destruction. Further, the formation of structures resembling tertiary lymphoid organs (TLOs) in areas apparently unaffected by insulitis suggests that local factors may provide cues for the homing of these lymphocytes back to the pancreas.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå centrum för molekylär medicin (UCMM), 2008. s. 53
Serie
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1232
Nyckelord
Nkx, development, optical projection tomography, 3D visualisation, pancreas, beta-cell mass, insulitis, diabetes
Nationell ämneskategori
Biokemi och molekylärbiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1939 (URN)978-91-7264-700-8 (ISBN)
Disputation
2008-12-13, Betula, 6M, Norrlands Universitetssjukhus, Umeå, 09:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2008-11-25 Skapad: 2008-11-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Spleno-pancreatic development assessed by 3D molecular imaging
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Spleno-pancreatic development assessed by 3D molecular imaging
2007 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The development of different organs and tissues along the gastrointestinal tract, including the pancreas, depends on signalling between the endoderm and the adjacent mesenchyme. The Nkx gene Bapx1 is involved in spatial control of organ-positioning in the spleno-pancreatic region, and deficiency in this gene results in unacceptable proximity of the splenic mesenchyme to the pancreas. This permits agitating signals from the splenic mesenchyme to induce an in vivo (and in vitro) transformation of pancreatic epithelium to a cystic structure with gut like features. Also, wild type splenic mesenchyme is competent to induce a similar transformation. These findings illustrate the importance for strict control of organ positioning during spleno-pancreatic development.

Several growth factors and receptors involved in pancreatic development are activated by protease processing. Some of these growth factors have been implicated as substrates for members of the A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease (ADAM) family. The ADAMs 9, 10, and 17 are expressed during pancreatic development and in the adult pancreas, suggesting a possible role for these ADAMs in pancreatic development and function.

Animal model systems are widely used to investigate gene function during development and disease. However, spatial, molecular, and quantitative phenotype screening in animals is a time consuming effort. Optical Projection Tomography is a 3-dimensional imaging technique that, in combination with improvements in sample preparation and computer processing, can be used to visualize and quantify characteristics of intact adult mouse organs such as the total β-cell content in the pancreas.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå centrum för molekylär medicin (UCMM), 2007. s. 94
Serie
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1064
Nyckelord
Cell biology, Spleen, Pancreas, Imaging, Development, Cellbiologi
Forskningsämne
miljömedicinsk utvecklingsbiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-987 (URN)91-7264-203-3 (ISBN)
Disputation
2007-02-15, Betula, Byggnad 6M, Umeå, 09:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2007-01-31 Skapad: 2007-01-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2009-05-14Bibliografiskt granskad

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