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Underlying Factors Explaining Physical Behaviors among Office Workers-An Exploratory Analysis
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Sustainable Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4656-7606
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Sustainable Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8965-4312
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3363-7414
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7768-1076
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2020 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 24, article id 9158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies using technical measurements of physical behavior show wide interindividual variations. This study aimed to explore underlying factors related to sitting, standing and walking among office workers. Cross-sectional data for background characteristics, work-related variables, and device-based measures for sitting, standing and walking were collected among office workers in either a cell office or a flex office with activity-based work. Data were analyzed by Factor Analysis of Mixed Data (FAMD) and multiple robust linear regression. The FAMD resulted in the combination of underlying factors describing six character types. The (1) harmonic and healthy, (2) disabled with poor health, (3) manager that spend a lot of time in meetings and has very high workload, (4) engaged with high workload, (5) employee with creative and computer intense work, with high workload and, (6) employee with high BMI with creative and collaborative work. Regression analysis showed that the character type that was "engaged with high workload" sat more and stood less, while the character type with "high BMI and with creative and collaborative work" sat less. The results suggest that physical behavior among office workers is influenced by a complex combination of factors, which should be taken into account in the evaluation of future studies of larger cohorts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020. Vol. 17, no 24, article id 9158
Keywords [en]
occupational health, office design, sedentary behavior, technical measurements, variance, workplace
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-177992DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17249158ISI: 000603479100001PubMedID: 33302452Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85097561502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-177992DiVA, id: diva2:1513053
Funder
AFA Insurance, 140308Region VästerbottenAvailable from: 2020-12-29 Created: 2020-12-29 Last updated: 2024-07-02Bibliographically approved

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Wahlström, ViktoriaOlsson, DavidÖhberg, FredrikOlsson, TommySlunga-Järvholm, Lisbeth

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