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Milk Fat Globule Membrane as a Modulator of Infant Metabolism and Gut Microbiota: A Formula Supplement Narrowing the Metabolic Differences between Breastfed and Formula-Fed Infants
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2021 (English)In: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, ISSN 1613-4125, E-ISSN 1613-4133, Vol. 65, no 3, article id 2000603Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Scope Milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) is an important component of milk that has previously been removed in the manufacture of infant formulas, but has recently gained attention owing to its potential to improve immunological, cognitive, and metabolic health. The goal of this study is to determine whether supplementing MFGM in infant formula would drive desirable changes in metabolism and gut microbiota to elicit benefits observed in prior studies. Methods and Results The serum metabolome and fecal microbiota are analyzed using H-1 NMR spectroscopy and 16S rRNA gene sequencing respectively in a cohort of Chinese infants given a standard formula or a formula supplemented with an MFGM-enriched whey protein fraction. Supplementing MFGM suppressed protein degradation pathways and the levels of insulinogenic amino acids that are typically enhanced in formula-fed infants while facilitating fatty acid oxidation and ketogenesis, a feature that may favor brain development. MFGM supplementation did not induce significant compositional changes in the fecal microbiota but suppressed microbial diversity and altered microbiota-associated metabolites. Conclusion Supplementing MFGM in a formula reduced some metabolic gaps between formula-fed and breastfed infants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, 2021. Vol. 65, no 3, article id 2000603
Keywords [en]
breastmilk, infant formula, ketone, metabolism, microbiota, milk fat globule membrane
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-178706DOI: 10.1002/mnfr.202000603ISI: 000602629200001PubMedID: 33285021Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85098226609OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-178706DiVA, id: diva2:1517501
Available from: 2021-01-14 Created: 2021-01-14 Last updated: 2021-07-07Bibliographically approved

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Hernell, Olle

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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More languages
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  • asciidoc
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