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Changes in demographic and socioeconomic determinants of living alone among women in Sweden and Japan since the 1990s
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA), Stockholm University.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7559-2571
Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA), Stockholm University.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8296-5313
Faculty of Political Science and Economics, Waseda University, Waseda Institute of Political Economy, and Waseda Institute of Social & Human Capital Studies.
School of Commerce, Waseda University.
Number of Authors: 42021 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The increase in one-person household (OPHs) in the developed world is often seen as theresult of a trend where family solidarity is replaced by individualistic values and behaviourswhere the Nordic countries have been identified as forerunners in this development. In Asia,countries such as Japan have reached equal levels of economic development but retainelements of a strong family system and exhibit a much more asymmetric gender regime.This study compares the changes in the demographic and socioeconomic composition ofOPH women in Sweden and Japan between 1990 and 2016. The probability to be an OPHhousehold is analysed by means of logistic regression models using microdata covering the entire population in Sweden and the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions in Japan. In Sweden, the growth of the female OPH population has halted and shifted to a decline compared to Japan where it has increased rapidly since the 1990s. The analysis finds increasing similarities between the countries in the age patterns and urban-rural differences while persistent contrast in the impact of women’s socioeconomic status and family history remains salient. The findings provide evidence that the transformation of women’s economic role does not result in an ever-increasing shift towards “less” family. Rather, living arrangements depend on the extent to which gender regime adapts to increased economic self-sufficiency among women. These findings highlight the need for preparedness for continued increases of the OPH population among policymakers in economically developed strong family societies such as Japan 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm University , 2021. , p. 38
Series
Stockholm Research Reports in Demography, ISSN 2002-617X ; 2021:9
Keywords [en]
one person households, single living, gender, family systems, Sweden, Japan
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Population studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-182287DOI: 10.17045/sthlmuni.14402519.v1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-182287DiVA, id: diva2:1545076
Projects
FORTE 2016-07115 Ageing well - individuals, families and households under changing demographic regimes in SwedenAvailable from: 2021-04-17 Created: 2021-04-17 Last updated: 2021-04-19Bibliographically approved

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Sandström, GlennPadyab, Mojgan

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