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Barnets rett til medbestemmelse ved omsorgsovertakelse: rettighetens betydning i et komplekst landskap av rettslige normer
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law.
2021 (Norwegian)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
The child’s right to participate in decisions on taking a child into care : the right’s implication in a complex landscape of legal norms (English)
Abstract [en]

This legal study concerns the child’s right and possibility to participate when a care order is being considered in Norway. The child’s right to participation can be explained as the influence children can or should have on their own lives, even if children do not have full autonomy or self- determination. The right has been decisive for a change in view of children as a legal entity and an active subject of rights. In Norwegian legislation, the right to participation has been clarified and strengthened since the Convention on the Rights of the Child was incorporated into Norwegian law in 2003, and it has been given a prominent place in children’s own rights provision in Section 104 of the Constitution. Nevertheless, there have been repeated criticisms that this right is not adequately practiced. 

In this study, it is argued that it is not sufficient merely to strengthen and clarify the child’s right to participation without that right at the same time implying a renewed understanding of the child’s other rights and the conditions for a care order. In an assessment of taking a child into care, the right to participation must be safeguarded throughout all stages of the assessment for those children to be guaranteed a real opportunity for involvement. It is argued that the child’s perspective must be included in the assessment of whether there is a serious failure of care, whether remedial measures can help the situation, and what is in the child’s best interests. The conditions and assessment methodology for decisions on care orders should also promote to a greater extent a balance of the child’s various rights. It is argued that this is necessary to safeguard the child’s independent legal interests in these cases, which also include the parents’ right to family life. 

Abstract [no]

Denne avhandlingen handler om barnets rett og mulighet til medbestemmelse når en omsorgsovertakelse vurderes i Norge. Barnets medbestemmelsesrett kan forklares som den innflytelse barn kan eller skal ha på eget liv, selv om barn ikke har full autonomi eller selvbestemmelse. Rettigheten har vært utslagsgivende for et endret syn på barn som rettslig subjekt og aktør. I det norske lovverket er medbestemmelsesretten blitt presisert og forsterket siden barnekonvensjonen ble gjort til norsk lov i 2003, og den er gitt en fremtredende plass i barnas egen rettighetsbestemmelse i Grunnloven § 104. Likevel har det vært rettet gjentatt kritikk mot at denne rettigheten ikke ivaretas godt nok i praksis. 

I avhandlingen argumenteres det for at det ikke er tilstrekkelig å forsterke og presisere barnets rett til medbestemmelse, uten at rettigheten samtidig bidrar til en fornyet forståelse av barnets øvrige rettigheter og vilkårene for omsorgsovertakelse. I en sak om omsorgsovertakelse må medbestemmelsesretten ivaretas gjennomgående i alle stadier av vurderingen for at barnet skal sikres en reell mulighet til medbestemmelse. Det argumenteres for at barnets syn må være med i vurderingen både av om det foreligger alvorlig omsorgssvikt, om hjelpetiltak kan avhjelpe situasjonen og av barnets beste. Vilkårene og vurderingsmetodikken ved avgjørelser om omsorgsovertakelse bør også fremme en avveining av barnets ulike rettigheter i større grad. Det tas til orde for at dette er nødvendig for å ivareta barnets selvstendige rettslige interesser i disse sakene, hvor også foreldrenes rett til vern kommer inn.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2021. , p. 438
Series
Skrifter från Juridiska institutionen vid Umeå universitet, ISSN 1404-9198 ; 46
Keywords [en]
the child’s participation, children’s rights, care order assessment, balancing right’s, proportionality, view of children
Keywords [no]
barnets medbestemmelse, barns rettigheter, omsorgsovertakelse, rettighetsavveining, proporsjonalitet/forholdsmessighet, barnets syn
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Law; public law; family law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-188713ISBN: 978-91-7855-644-1 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7855-645-8 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-188713DiVA, id: diva2:1604410
Public defence
2021-11-19, Hörsal NBET.A.101, Norra Beteendevetarhuset, Umeå, 10:00 (Norwegian)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2021-10-29 Created: 2021-10-19 Last updated: 2021-10-20Bibliographically approved

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Nordvik, Marie Lindsjørn

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Citation style
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