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Is large-scale wind power a problem, solution, or victim? A frame analysis of the debate in Swedish media
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6845-5525
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5582-9877
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2372-1551
Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Umeå, Sweden .
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2022 (English)In: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 83, article id 102337Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Media content analysis was used with the aim of developing an understanding of how the debate on large-scale wind power has played out over time in Sweden, especially in relation to the enactment of national interest areas for wind power. Covering the period 1999 to 2019 and using NVivo for coding and analysis, we reviewed a total of 788 articles in both national and regional daily newspapers. To identify which actors are present in media and how they frame large-scale wind power, we conducted a frame analysis by applying three theoretical elements developed by previous media studies. The first is a diagnostic element used to pinpoint the cause to a problem, the second a prognostic element used to pinpoint the solution to a problem, and the third a motivating element used to identify the person(s) or object(s) suffering from the problem, that is, victim. Our results emphasize that wind power in recent years has been framed as a solution more often than a cause to a problem. One prevailing framing is the localization of large-scale wind power per se and conflicts with other land-uses and national interests. We also identify a tension between international and national policy objectives and local implementation of large-scale wind power. Governmental agencies are the most common framers over time, together with individuals (e.g. locals and second home owners) and wind entrepreneurs. Importantly, whereas politicians and wind entrepreneurs most often frame wind power as a solution, individuals frame it as a cause to a problem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022. Vol. 83, article id 102337
Keywords [en]
Wind energy, Wind parks, Media content analysis, Land-use, National interest areas, Planning
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
political science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-188944DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2021.102337ISI: 000723625000008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85118146465OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-188944DiVA, id: diva2:1606586
Projects
Hållbar landbaserad vindkraft – synergi, integration eller konflikt mellan riksintressen
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 47419-1Swedish Energy Agency, 47419-1Available from: 2021-10-28 Created: 2021-10-28 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Bjärstig, ThereseMancheva, IrinaZachrisson, Anna

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CiteExportLink to record
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