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Social capital and sustainable social development - how are changes in neighbourhood social capital associated with neighbourhood sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0108-4237
School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Medicinaregatan 18A, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2953-460x
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, MA, Boston, United States.
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2021 (English)In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 23, article id 13161Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The development of social capital is acknowledged as key for sustainable social development. Little is known about how social capital changes over time and how it correlates with socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors. This study was conducted in 46 neighbourhoods in Umeå Municipality, northern Sweden. The aim was to examine neighbourhood-level characteristics associated with changes in neighbourhood social capital and to discuss implications for local policies for sustainable social development. We designed an ecological study linking survey data to registry data in 2006 and 2020. Over 14 years, social capital increased in 9 and decreased in 15 neighbour-hoods. Higher levels of social capital were associated with specific sociodemographic factors, but these differed in urban and rural areas. Urban neighbourhoods with a higher proportion of older pensioners (OR = 1.49, CI: 1.16–1.92), children under 12 (OR= 2.13, CI: 1.31–3.47), or a lower proportion of foreign-born members (OR= 0.32, CI: 0.19–0.55) had higher odds for higher social capital levels. In rural neighbourhoods, a higher proportion of single-parent households was associated with higher levels of social capital (OR = 1.44, 95% CI = 1.04–1.98). Neighbourhood socioeconomic factors such as income or educational level did not influence neighbourhood social capital. Using repeated measures of social capital, this study gives insights into how social capital changes over time in local areas and the factors influencing its development. Local policies to promote social capital for sustainable social development should strive to integrate diverse demographic groups within neighbourhoods and should increase opportunities for inter-ethnic interactions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2021. Vol. 13, no 23, article id 13161
Keywords [en]
Ecological study, Neighbourhoods, Northern Sweden, Ordi-nal logistic regression, Social capital, Sustainable social development
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-190108DOI: 10.3390/su132313161ISI: 000734712600001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85120155537OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-190108DiVA, id: diva2:1618745
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2018-00076Swedish Research Council Formas, 2018-00262Available from: 2021-12-10 Created: 2021-12-10 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, MalinZetterberg, Liv

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