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A barrier to sustainable transports?: Path dependence and the Swedish tax deduction for commuting
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9880-3781
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2593-9439
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2796-3547
2023 (English)In: Journal of Transport History, ISSN 0022-5266, E-ISSN 1759-3999, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 79-98Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We explore the decisions in Parliament about the Swedish tax deduction for commuting since the 1980s. The aim is to explain the continuity of the tax regulation despite several attempts from motions in Parliament and public investigations to reform it towards environmental goals, e.g., reduced emissions of CO2. When reforms have been proposed, the political majority in Parliament has regardless of political colour voted against and retreated to the original motives for the tax deduction; economic growth and the enlargement of regional labour markets. The interests of Swedish mass motorisation succeeded in finding the arguments to slow down reforms and at the same time reinforce the path dependency by adding new legitimacy to the regulation. If the attempts to reform the tax deduction had been part of a broader reform of the transport sector and the tax system, they might have succeeded in breaking with the old path.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023. Vol. 44, no 1, p. 79-98
Keywords [en]
Car taxation, path dependence, transport history, Sweden, environmental policy
Keywords [sv]
Reseavdrag, Sverige, ekonomisk historia, miljöpolitik, transporthistoria
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-200504DOI: 10.1177/00225266221132710ISI: 000871914200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85141018914OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-200504DiVA, id: diva2:1705425
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0339Available from: 2022-10-23 Created: 2022-10-23 Last updated: 2023-05-15Bibliographically approved

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Pettersson, ThomasJansson, JohanLindgren, Urban

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Citation style
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Output format
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