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Understanding european integration with bipartite networks of comparative advantage
Department of Computer Science, Exeter University , Exeter, EX4 EPY, GBR, United Kingdom;The Alan Turing Institute , London, NW12DB, GBR, United Kingdom.
Agglomeration and Social Networks Lendület Research Group, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Eötvös Loránd Research Network , Budapest, 1097, HUN, Hungary;Laboratory for Networks, Technology and Innovation, Corvinus Institute for Advanced Studies, Corvinus University of Budapest , Budapest, 1093, Hungary.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Unit of Economic History.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1413-3707
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3570-7690
2022 (English)In: PNAS Nexus, E-ISSN 2752-6542, Vol. 1, no 5, article id pgac262Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Core objectives of European common market integration are convergence and economic growth, but these are hampered by redundancy, and value chain asymmetries. The challenge is how to harmonize labor division to reach global competitiveness, meanwhile bridging productivity differences across the EU. We develop a bipartite network approach to trace pairwise co-specialization by applying the revealed comparative advantage method within and between the EU15 and Central and Eastern European (CEE). This approach assesses redundancies and the division of labor in the EU at the level of industries and countries. We find significant co-specialization among CEE countries but a diverging specialization between EU15 and CEE. Productivity increases in those CEE industries that have co-specialized with other CEE countries after EU accession, while co-specialization across CEE and EU15 countries is less related to productivity growth. These results show that a division of sectoral specialization can lead to productivity convergence between EU15 and CEE countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2022. Vol. 1, no 5, article id pgac262
Keywords [en]
labor, bipartite network, specialization, convergence, EU
National Category
Economic Geography Economic History Economics
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-201840DOI: 10.1093/pnasnexus/pgac262Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85161427540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-201840DiVA, id: diva2:1721093
Funder
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2017.0042Available from: 2022-12-20 Created: 2022-12-20 Last updated: 2023-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, Lars FredrikEriksson, Rikard

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Citation style
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